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2019年07月19日 08:14:23

Our sculpture, one of the earliest known, probably dates to the third century AD, when Gandhara was ruled by the Kushan kings of northern India, whose empire stretched from Kabul to Islamabad. It was a wealthy region, thanks to its position on the Silk Road - the trade routes linking China, India and the Mediterranean. From Gandhara the main route ran west through Iran to Alexandria in Egypt. Gandharas prosperity and political stability allowed the construction of a great landscape of Buddhist shrines, monuments and sculpture, and further missionary expansion. Its something that will be a recurring feature through this week - the religions that survive today are the ones that were sp and sustained by trade and power. Its profoundly paradoxical: Buddhism, the religion founded by an ascetic who spurned all comfort and riches, flourished thanks to the international trade in luxury goods. With the luxury goods like silk went the monks and the missionaries, and with them went the Buddha, in human form, perhaps because such an image helps when youre teaching across a language barrier.这尊佛像大约雕刻于公元三世纪,是已知最古老的佛像之一。当时犍陀罗在北印度贵霜王朝的统治之下,该王国的领土从喀布尔一直延伸到伊斯坦布尔。其时,丝绸之路连接着中国、印度与地中海地区,贵霜王朝位于这条路线的节点上,因而国力强盛。始于犍陀罗的主干道向西穿过伊朗,一直通往埃及的亚历山大港。国家经济繁荣,政治稳定,因而可以修建大量寺庙和佛像,并能派出僧侣,四处传扬佛法。能够流传至今的宗教,起初都是靠着贸易与国家实力发展起来的。佛教的创始人当年拋弃了荣华富贵,过着苦行僧的生活,但矛盾的是,佛教的繁荣靠的却是奢侈品贸易。僧侣们与丝绸等贵重物品一起踏上旅途,随身携带佛像。也许在语言不通的时候,用人类形象表现的佛像更能体现佛法的深意。There are four standard poses for the Buddha that we know today. He can be shown lying, sitting, standing and walking; and each pose reflects a particular aspect of his life and activity, rather than a moment or an event. Our sculpture shows him in his enlightened state. Hes robed as a monk, as might be expected, but unlike a monk his head is not shaved. Hes dispensed with finery and removed his princely jewellery. His ears are no longer weighted down with gold - but the elongated lobes still have the empty holes that show that this man was once a prince.我们今天所熟悉的佛像有四种标准姿势:卧姿、坐姿、站姿及行姿。 这些姿势所表现的与其说是某一时刻,不如说是佛陀生活中的某一侧面。本文中的佛像表现的就是佛陀开悟时的形象。他身着袈裟,但蓄有头发,与普通僧人不同。他已脱掉了华丽的衣饰,摘掉了珠宝。他的耳朵上不 再坠有沉甸甸的金饰,但长耳垂上的耳洞仍显露了他的王子身份。201504/369550青岛减肥中心France is vowing to “destroy” the ISIL militant group after last Friday’s attacks in Paris, which left 129 people dead and hundreds injured.上周五巴黎恐袭造成129人死亡数百人受伤,法国誓言要“消灭”ISIL武装组织。French Prime Minister Manuel Valls says his country is facing a “long” war against those behind the bloodshed. But he says he is confident they will be defeated.法国总理曼努埃·尔瓦尔斯说流血事件背后,国家正面临一场“长久”的战争。但他表示有信心击败恐怖组织。This terrorist organisation is receding today in Iraq he says and is the subject of intense bombardments and we must continue it.他表示伊拉克恐怖组织正在减弱,这是猛烈轰炸的结果,我们必须延续下去。It is the wish of France, and of the French President, to fight this war until the end – to destroy Daesh in Iraq and in Syria.这是法国的愿望,对于法国总统,战争最终的结果要摧毁伊拉克和叙利亚Daesh组织。Meanwhile, The US says it can “neutralise” the so-called Islamic State – and fast.与此同时,美国称其能“中和”所谓的伊斯兰国家。We are going to defeat Daesh. We always said it will take time.We began our fight against al-Qaeda in 2001 and it took us quite a few years before we were able to eliminate Osama bin Laden – and the top leadership – and neutralise them as an effective force. We hope to do Daesh much faster than that.我们要打击Daesh组织。我们总是说这需要发时间。从2001年开始我们就和基地组织斗争,我们发了几年的时间消灭本拉丹及其最高领导者,并将其中和成有效力量。我们希望在打击Daesh组织上能更为迅速。France has intensified its air campaign in Syria since the Paris attacks, striking ISIL’s stronghold in Raqqa. Two command centres are said to have been among this week’s targets.自巴黎恐袭以来法国已经加强了在叙利亚的空袭,打击ISIL在拉卡的根据地。据称本周的袭击目标包括两个指挥中心。Russian bombers are reported to have hit ISIL’s oil infrastructure in Syria. Moscow’s foreign minister has urged all countries standing against the militants to consolidate their actions and remain united.有报道称,俄罗斯轰炸机袭击了叙利亚ISIL组织的石油基础设施。莫斯科外交部长呼吁所有国家保持团结打击激进分子。译文属。 /201511/411231胶南市中心医院韩式三点双眼皮多少钱栏目简介:《趣味科普英语视频》有着浓厚的趣味性,能够增加英语学习爱好者对英语科普知识的兴趣,从而更加开心快乐地学习英语知识,建立起英语学习的基础,为以后学习更多的英语知识奠基,快来边看视频边涨姿势吧!201509/399816Lao Peoples Revolutionary Party chooses new chief老挝人民革命党选出新领导层The Lao Peoples Revolutionary Party has chosen Bounnhang Vorachit to be its new leader.老挝人民革命党选举本扬沃拉吉为新任领导人。Bounnhang was elected, after a vote by a newly formed 77-member central committee.在新成立包括77位成员在内的中央委员会投票后,本扬最终当选。 译文属201601/423910青岛市401医院有没有微信咨询

青岛市北区打美白针医院价格青岛市401医院整形多钱栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghais English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。201509/396836青岛胶南市哪家整容医院最好青岛除皱针一针多少钱

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