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2019年11月21日 03:45:08 | 作者:医护晚报 | 来源:新华社

People who go to the toilet in the middle of the night are less productive at work, study suggests.研究表明,半夜起床上厕所的人工作效率更低。Getting up overnight to use the loo has a bigger impact on a person#39;s work rate than asthma or some chronic lung diseases, leading the researchers to conclude that the condition is underestimated.起夜上厕所比哮喘或一些慢性肺病对一个人的工作效率产生的影响更大。这使得研究人员得出结论说,起夜的后果被低估了。Nocturia - where a person wakes up once or more in a night to urinate - leads to ;notable work productivity loss;, the study presented to the European Association of Urology congress in Milan claims.这项提交到米兰的欧洲泌尿协会大会的研究称,夜尿症会导致“工作效率的显著下降”。夜尿症指一个人晚上至少一次起夜排尿。The team of researchers examined 261 women and 385 men with the condition and questioned them about the effect of health problems on their ability to work and perform regular activities.研究团队对有夜尿症的261名女性和385名男性进行了检查,并询问这一健康问题对他们的工作能力和日常活动的执行力产生的影响。Nocturia reduced work productivity by 24 percent - greater than the productivity loss shown by people with asthma or lung disease, it was found.研究发现,夜尿症会使工作效率降低24%,这比哮喘病或肺病患者因病导致的生产率损失还要多。The ability to carry out leisure activities in the day was also reduced, by 34 percent.夜尿症患者白天进行休闲活动的能力也会因此降低34%。Philip Van Kerrebroeck, professor of urology at the University of Maastricht in the Netherlands, said: ;Nocturia is a common problem affecting around a third of adults, but its burden is underestimated and it is often dismissed as being less serious than other chronic conditions in terms of impact on quality of life and societal costs.荷兰马斯特里赫特大学泌尿学教授菲利普#8226;凡#8226;柯乐布里克说:“夜尿症是困扰约三分之一成人的一个普遍问题,但夜尿症造成的负担被低估了,通常被认为对生活质量的影响和造成的社会成本不如其他慢性病那么严重。;These data show that nocturia negatively affects both sleep and daytime performance and its impact on work productivity is in line with many other chronic conditions. Patients with nocturia should seek specific treatment for this debilitating condition.;“这些数据显示,夜尿症对睡眠和白天的表现都造成了负面影响,它对工作效率产生的影响和许多其他慢性病是一样的。夜尿症患者应该寻求针对这一衰弱状况的治疗方法。”The researchers also found that disturbed sleep is considered to be the most burdensome symptom of nocturia, as around a third are unable drop off again which leads to insomnia研究人员还发现,睡眠受到干扰被视为夜尿症最烦人的症状,KEKE Shuan.约三分之一的夜尿症患者在起夜后就难以入睡,演变成失眠。;I can#39;t ever fall back asleep. I start watching TV all night and I am miserable the next day;, one patient said.一位患者说:“起夜后我就再也睡不着了。我开始通宵看电视,结果第二天状态就很糟糕。” /201303/231227

这是关于一个女孩、女人、女性的成长漫画On A Claire Day:亲情、友情、爱情;家庭,朋友、婚姻,工作,生活……一切的一切~今日嘱咐:古人不为五斗米折腰;今人为多收三五斗,可以无所不为!生活的压力和生命的尊严,哪一个重要?译者:koogle /201307/245688

Gather lots of information about your subject matter. Study it diligently. Work hard. Follow Vincent Van Gogh’s advice: “If one is master of one thing and understands one thing well,one has at the same time insight into and understanding of many things.” Look at your topic from many different perspectives. How would a mystic approach this idea? How would a rocket scientist look at this? What would a child do? What would a very old person do?Meditate. Let your thoughts simmer as you go for a long walk. Get back to work. Create a hypothesis. Test your hypothesis. Relax. Inspiration won’t strike if you’re tense. Hang around with creative people. Go to a café frequented by artists and eavesdrop on their conversation. Be comfortable with uncertainty and ambiguity. Create a mind map of your subject matter.Remember that practice makes perfect. Sit down to create even when you don’t feel like it. Gather more information. Think abundantly: there are many ideas out there, numerous alternatives, several solutions, and endless ways to make things better. Know that there’s an unlimited supply of ideas. Buy a goldfish. Watch it swim around in its tank. Ignore people who try to dissuade you from following through on your idea.Remember that inspiration requires perspiration. Ask yourself: is there another way to look at this? What assumptions are you making? Challenge those assumptions. Read books on creativity.Apply the techniques taught in those books. Visualize. Listen to Baroque music. Put in the hours. What are you failing to see that is staring you right in the face? Read poetry. Be passionate. Sort through Rorschach ink-blots; what do you see? Break the rules.(The “Full Spectrum” photograph is courtesy of mdezemery).Jolts to your routine will lead to new ideas. Simplify: what can you edit out of your current idea to make it better? Exercise.Exaggerate. What if you were a thousand times smarter? What if you were two inches tall? Make the colors brighter. Now see it in black and white. Take risks. Get over the fear of being wrong.Believe in magic. Set a time constraint. Learn to juggle. Remember to feed your goldfish. Laugh until your stomach hurts.What common elements could you combine in a new way?Conduct experiments. Take note of what works and what doesn’t. Make small tweaks and try again. Take time off and put together a jigsaw puzzle. What if this problem had to be solved in the next half-hour? Set a quantity a: what if you had to come up with twenty different ways of solving this? Discuss your idea with a friend who is very different from you. Follow Einstein’s advice: take a nap. What does your intuition tell you?What does your logic tell you? Are there any analogies you can draw from nature? Trust yourself. Give yourself permission to make something really special. Put on the judge’s robe and criticize your own work. Decide what works and what doesn’t. Keep molding your idea, adding a little bit here, and taking away a little bit there. Come up with a unique plan for getting your work out there. Now take your idea and implement it in the real world.Watch your idea take its first breath; its first steps . . . Do a little dance and thank the gods of creativity for their inspiration. 收集一些关于你自己事情的资料、信息。勤奋、努力地学习它。文森特.梵高的建议:“如果一个人能掌握一件事,并能非常好地理解它,那么他同时也能洞察和了解其他很多事情。”从不同角度审视你所选的话题。神学家怎么想这个观点呢?研究火箭的科学家怎么看呢?孩子会怎么样做呢?老人又会怎么呢?沉思中。那就散步久一些,让你的思维好好酝酿一下吧。回到工作上。做一个假设。测试一下这个假设。放松。人至紧则无智。多和那些有创造性的人在一起。多和艺术家一起去咖啡馆,听听他们的谈话。轻松面对您所不确定和不清楚的事情。在脑子里构建一个图,是关于您之前收集关于自己事情的资料。请记住:熟能生巧。即使你不喜欢它,还是得要坐下来做一做它。收集更多的信息。想得再多一些。其实有很多种想法,无数种选择,一些解决办法和无数种让事情做得更好的方式。要知道想法的出现是无穷的。不必理会那些劝止你按照自己意愿做事情的人。问一下自己:对于这件事情就没有其他方法了吗?你做了什么设想呢?试一试那些设想吧。读一些关于创造性方面的书。运用书上所教你的方法。形象化一些就是:听听巴洛克音乐。听它几个小时。你所没有看见的就是你现在面对开始的。读读诗。要充满热情地去读它。好好斟酌一下你的日常事物。可能会有新的想法、思路。简言之,你能用什么办法把现在的想法做得更好?试一试。夸张一些:如果你是现在的千分之一那么小,你会怎样做?抑或是两英尺那么高?把事情弄明了一些。那么现在换个角度来看看。冒一下险,克一下因犯错而产生的恐惧。相信魔力。设置一个时间限定。学习一下玩戏法。记得喂你得金鱼。如果笑,要笑到你胃痛。怎样可以将普通元素以一种新的方式组合呢?做一些实验。将哪一些有效,哪一些无效记录下来。进行小的调整,然后再试一次。花一些时间玩玩七巧板智力拼图。在接下来的半小时里,如果这个问题必须解决,你会怎样做?设定配额数量:如果有20种解决这件事情的不同办法,你会怎样做?和与你持不同意见的朋友讨论一下你的想法。接受爱因斯坦的意见吧:打个小打盹儿。你的直觉告诉你什么?你的逻辑怎么样告诉你呢?从性质上可以得出什么类推法吗?相信你自己。允许你自己做一些真正不一样的事情。站在法官的角度来批评一下自己的事情。评判一下哪一些有用,哪一些无用。在你思想慢慢成型的过程中,在这里加一点,去掉那里一些。为自己的事情做一个独特的计划。那么现在就将你的想法在现实世界中实践吧。关注你的第一次尝试,第一步… …小跳一段舞蹈,感谢上帝的创造性,因为他们有如此的灵感。 /200806/42663

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