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2019年07月17日 20:22:26|来源:国际在线|编辑:搜索时讯
Racial Issues 美国种族问题 Once a man had a dream. He dreamed of a land of peace and harmony. He dreamed of a place where people were not judged by their skin color. He dreamed of a country where children of different races could play together. He dreamed of a nation where all people were equal. Some people didn't like his dream. They said it would never happen. Some people applauded his dream. They wanted to make it happen. This noble vision has come true for some. For others, it's still just a fantasy. 从前有一个人, 他有一个梦。他梦到一块和平与和谐的土地。他梦到一个人们不因肤色而被论断的地方。他梦到一个国家不同肤色的小子们玩在一起。他梦到一个国家, 在其中所有的人都是平等的。有些人不喜欢他的梦。他们说这个梦永远不会实现。有些人则对他的梦喝采。他们想实现这个梦。这个崇高的理想对某些人而言, 它还只是一个幻想。 In 1963, this man, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., expressed his vision in the famous speech, "I Have a Dream." But the dream-rooted in the American Dream-wasn't really new. From the beginning, this nation of immigrants welcomed people desiring freedom and a new start. However, the coming together of different races and ethnic groups created some tensions. The early Americans (except for the native "Indians") were almost all white Europeans. As more immigrants arrived, European groups fit into society easily. Others found it more difficult. 这个人, 马丁路德. 金恩士, 在一九六三年的一篇有名的演讲"我有一个梦"当中表达了他的理想. 其实这个根植于"美国梦"的理想, 并不是个完全新潮的主意. 从一开始, 这个由移民所组成的国家, 便欢迎渴望自由和新开始的人来到. 但是, 不同种族的到来亦带来了紧张的气氛. 早期的美国人(除了印地安原住民之外)几乎全是来自欧洲的白人. 当更多的移民抵达时, 欧洲团体较容易适应这个社会, 其它团体则较感困难. Black people were the only "immigrants" who didn't choose to come to America. For hundreds of years, Africans were taken from their homes to be slaves in the New World. Even George Washington and Thomas Jefferson had slaves. The phrase "all men are created equal" didn't apply to blacks in their day. The end of the Civil War finally brought freedom to the slaves in 1865, but blacks still had a lower position in society. Many Southern states practiced segregation to "keep blacks in their place." Blacks and whites went to different schools, ate at different restaurants, even drank from different water fountains. 黑人是唯一非出于自愿而到美国来的"移民". 几百年以来, 非洲人自其家园被迫带到新世界为奴. 即使乔治. 华盛顿和汤玛士. 杰弗逊也曾蓄奴. 那句"人类生而平等"的话, 在他们的时代并不适用于黑人. 一八六五年, 南北战争的结束终于为黑奴带来自由, 但是黑人的社会地位仍然较低. 许多南方的州实行种族隔离政策以使"黑人不会跨越界限". 黑人和白人上不同的学校, 在不同的餐馆吃饭, 甚至连喝水都用不同的饮水机.The Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s helped black people secure many of the rights promised in the Constitution. A 1954 Supreme Court decision ruled that segregation had no place in public schools. Gradually, American education became more fair. In 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus for a white man. Her courage sparked a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, that ended segregation on city buses. Martin Luther King Jr. encouraged black people to use nonviolent means to achieve their goals of equal treatment. Finally, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to stop discrimination in all public places. 一九五O与一九六O年代的人权运动, 帮助黑人得到许多宪法中所保障的权利. 一九五四年最高法院的一个判决, 决定了在公立学校里不准实行种族隔离政策. 渐渐地, 美国的教育制度越来越公平了. 一九五五年, 罗莎. 帕克拒绝在公车上让位给一个白人. 她的勇气激起了阿接巴马州的蒙哥马利市对公车的抵制, 结束了市区公车上的种族隔离制度. 马丁路得. 金恩士鼓励黑人, 使用非暴力方式达到他们追求平等待遇的目标. 最后, 国会在一九六四年通过民权法案, 禁止所有在公共场合的歧视. In spite of the gains of the Civil Rights Movement, racial problems still exist. The laws have changed, but some people-on all sides of the color spectrum-remain prejudiced. Ten-sions sometimes erupt in violence. The 1992 Los Angeles riots sprang from the verdict of a racially-charged court case. Moreover, blacks and whites are not the only racial groups struggling to get along. Multicultural America has numerous minority groups that argue for equal treatment. Some contend that current immigration laws unfairly discriminate against certain racial groups. 虽然民权运动带来进步, 但是种族问题仍然存在. 法律已经改变了, 但是有些人--各种肤色的人--仍然保有歧视的态度. 紧张情形有时会引发暴力. 一九九二年的洛杉矶动乃是因一件因种族问题而起诉法院判决而引发的. 此外, 黑人和白人并不是为和平相处而挣扎的唯一种族团体. 多元文化的美国拥有无数为平等待遇而争论的少数团体. 有些人争论现行的移民法不公平地歧视某些种族团体. Even so, in the past 40 years, race relations in America have greatly improved. Minority groups now have equal opportunities in many areas of education, employment and housing. Interracial marriages are becoming more accepted. Children of different races-and their parents-are learning to play together and work together. Maybe Dr. King's dream will come true after all. 即使如此, 在过去四十年间, 美国种族之间的关系已经大有进步. 少数团体现在在教育, 就业及住屋许多方面已有公平的机会. 异族的通婚已越来越被接受. 不同种族的小孩以及他们的父母亲, 也在学习与其它种族一起游戏和一起工作, 或许金恩士的梦终会实现. /200804/33379Amid the recriminations, some Finns accuse Mr Elop of deliberately pursuing a line that made Microsoft the only potential buyer. But despite the value destruction of recent years, the reality is more complex. Blame also attaches to previous executives, including some of those who, under Jorma Ollila, former chairman and chief executive, rescued Nokia from near-oblivion the first time round. 在一片指责声中,有些芬兰人声称,埃洛普刻意奉行的路线导致微软成了唯一的潜在买家。然而,尽管近年来诺基亚市值一泻千里,现实情况却更加复杂。以前的高管也要担责,包括在前董事长兼首席执行官约玛#8226;奥利拉(Jorma Ollila)带领下在第一次转型中把诺基亚从几近被遗忘中拯救出来的一部分人。 As Nokia#39;s dominance grew in the early 2000s, complacency and bureaucracy crept in. In what now seems a sadly apposite jibe, given the Microsoft takeover, the group#39;s headquarters in Espoo, just outside central Helsinki, became known as “the PowerPoint Palace”, filled with middle managers obsessed about internal politics and making presentations prepared with the Microsoft tool. Riitta Nieminen-Sundell, a sociologist who worked at the company until 2005, calls the Nokia tale a “Greek tragedy”. 随着21世纪前10年初期诺基亚地位的增强,洋洋自得与官僚作风开始滋生。诺基亚位于赫尔辛基郊区埃斯波(Espoo)的集团总部以“PPT宫殿”著称,充斥着沉迷于内部政治、喜用微软PowerPoint软件进行演示的中层经理。考虑到微软的收购,这一嘲讽在今天看来非常贴切,也令人伤感。在诺基亚干到了2005年、目前是社会学家的里塔#8226;涅米宁-松德尔(Riitta Nieminen-Sundell)称,诺基亚的故事就是一出“希腊悲剧”。 If so, it is a tragedy that Finns hope will have a strong next act. Valtteri Halla, who led development of the homegrown Nokia operating system MeeGo and is now chief technology officer of Leia Media, a start-up, says: “The Nokia palace has collapsed. It was a great fortress and there are huge building blocks lying around, from which people can make things.” 如果真的是这样,芬兰人希望这出悲剧的下一幕会有精剧情。领导开发诺基亚自有操作系统MeeGo、现任初创企业Leia Media首席技术官的瓦尔特里#8226;哈拉(Valtteri Halla)表示:“诺基亚宫殿倒塌了。它曾是一座宏伟的堡垒,倒塌以后,大块砖石散落的到处都是,人们拿这些还可以做出一些东西。” Ms Nieminen-Sundell says: “[Nokia] educated one or two generations of Finns in international business, [planting] the idea that we can do it and we#39;re not a tiny country next to Sweden, almost in Russia.” 涅米宁-松德尔表示:“诺基亚教育了一两代芬兰人怎么做国际业务,植入了有志者事竟成的观念,使人们认识到,我们不是挨着瑞典的小国,而是像俄罗斯一样强大。” From his ministry corner office, with a view of the harbour and the historic Aleksanterinkatu district in central Helsinki, Mr Vapaavuori says the decline of Nokia was a bigger psychological blow to Finnish self-esteem than it was a hit to the economy. 瓦帕沃里从他的部长办公室里能够俯视港口以及位于赫尔辛基市中心的Aleksanterinkatu历史街区。他表示,诺基亚衰落对芬兰人自尊心造成的心理打击比对经济的冲击大得多。 Finnish start-ups and small technology companies are trying to prove his point. Among them are gaming companies Supercell (maker of Clash of Clans) and Rovio (Angry Birds). Another is Jolla, staffed mostly with ex-Nokians, which is developing open-source software and innovative phones in an echoing office block shared with Supercell. (“Jolla” means “little sailing ship” in Finnish, with the implication that it was a lifeboat leaving the sinking ship.) 芬兰初创企业和小型科技企业正在试图印他的观点,其中包括游戏公司Supercell(《部落战争》(Clash of Clans)制作方)和Rovio(《愤怒的小鸟》(Angry Birds)出自该公司)。另一家是Jolla,员工多数是前诺基亚人,正在开发开源软件和创新型手机,与Supercell同在一座写字楼。(Jolla在芬兰语中的意思是“小帆船”,暗指这是一艘离开沉船的救生船。) Jolla co-founder Antti Saarnio says the message to the country is that “it#39;s time to wake up” and provide even more support for smaller and medium-sized technology companies. This sentiment echoed a tweet by Ilkka Paananen, the Supercell chief executive, who said “Finland needed this” after the deal was announced. Jolla联合创始人安蒂#8226;萨尔尼奥(Antti Saarnio)表示,收购消息传递给芬兰的信号是,“是时候觉醒了”,应该给中小型科技企业提供更多持。Supercell首席执行官伊卡#8226;帕纳宁(Ilkka Paananen)在Twitter上发帖呼应这一观点,在交易信息宣布后,他说“芬兰需要这个”。 While the transition to this post-Nokia era began two or more years ago, an obvious problem is that these smaller companies cannot hope, even if they grow, to replace all of the 14,000 jobs that Nokia has shed in Finland in the past three years, as well as other work that was dependent on the company. 尽管向“后诺基亚时代”的过渡在两三年前就开始了,一个明显问题是,即便这些小型企业在发展,也不能指望它们替代过去3年来诺基亚在芬兰裁减的14000个职位,以及其他过去倚赖诺基亚的工作岗位。 Ebba Dahli, a former Nokia employee and now a partner with Kaato, which connects inward investors with opportunities and employees in Finland, says: “One of the big challenges is it#39;s not only Nokia [restructuring] – the same is going on in shipbuilding and the paper industry.” 前诺基亚员工埃巴#8226;达利(Ebba Dahli)表示:“最大的一项挑战是,进行结构重组的不仅仅有诺基亚,造船业和造纸业也一样。”如今达利是Kaato的合伙人,该公司为外国投资者在芬兰寻找商机和员工。 Mr Ala-Pietila#39;s report into the future of the technology sector is partly aimed at making the most of the Nokia building blocks, by helping Finland apply the technology skills it has learnt across many different sectors, beyond telecommunications. 阿拉-皮蒂拉关于科技行业前景的报告一定程度上是想充分利用诺基亚所具有的东西,把其在许多不同领域掌握的科技技能应用到电信业以外的行业。 Start-ups, despite their enthusiasm and ambition, will be less important for employment than sustained investment by Microsoft and other large international employers with Finnish operations. 尽管初创企业有热情,有野心,但在增加就业方面,其重要性比不上微软以及其他在芬兰运营的大型跨国企业持续做出的投资。 Finns may exude a surface calm about the Nokia deal but shortly after the Microsoft announcement there was palpable relief that Broadcom of the US had stepped in to rescue the Finnish operations of Renesas, the Japanese chipmaker, including preserving the jobs of hundreds of people in the northern town of Oulu, where Nokia remains a large employer. 芬兰人对微软收购诺基亚手机业务的交易表面上可能波澜不惊,但在微软宣布消息后不久,美国通(Broadcom)出手救助日本芯片制造商瑞萨电子(Renesas)的芬兰公司,决定保留北部城市奥卢(Oulu,诺基亚在这里依然是一大雇主)数百人的工作,很明显人们松了一口气。 Steve Ballmer, the Microsoft chief executive, has done his best to reassure Finnish politicians and Nokia staff this week that Finland will remain an important part of the strategy of the company. In Salo, a Nokia smartphone facility northwest of Helsinki, Mr Ballmer was asked by one of 1,200 staff: “Does this mean we all get Xboxes?” He said they would. 微软首席执行官史蒂夫#8226;鲍尔默(Steve Ballmer)竭尽全力地向芬兰政界和诺基亚员工保,芬兰仍将是微软战略中的重要环节。在赫尔辛基西北部一家诺基亚智能手机设备厂所在地萨洛(Salo),1200名员工中的一位问鲍尔默:“这是不是意味着我们都会拿到Xbox?”鲍尔默回答会的。 Mr Kiljander, now a director at F-Secure, a computer security group, says however painful for those who contributed to Nokia#39;s success, the sale to Microsoft makes sense. “Nokia gets rid of something that could have drowned the whole company and Microsoft gets something that allows it to continue driving its mobile strategy,” he says. 目前在计算机安全企业F-Secure担任董事的基尔扬德表示,不管这给曾为诺基亚的成功做出贡献的人带来多大痛苦,诺基亚把手机业务出售给微软是合理的。他表示:“诺基亚摆脱了那些可能会溺死整个公司的东西,而微软则得到了可以让它继续推进其移动战略的东西。” In the longer term it will take more than a handout of gaming consoles to some staff and Microsoft#39;s £250m investment in a new Finnish data centre to fill the hole left in Finland as Nokia has shrunk over the past few years. 从长期来看,要填补诺基亚近些年萎缩而在芬兰留下的窟窿,微软所需要做的不仅仅是给某些员工发放游戏机,或者投资2.5亿英镑在芬兰新建一座数据中心。 In a strange way, Finnish people suggested that the hole was probably bigger for those Finns who did not have a direct stake in Nokia, but had become used to it being the handheld calling card by which foreigners from Barcelona to Beijing recognised their country. Now that the speculation about Nokia#39;s ownership is over, it may be easier for Finns both inside and outside the company to stop raking over the errors of the past and to start building the future. 奇怪的是,芬兰人认为,这个窟窿可能对某些芬兰人而言更大——这些人与诺基亚并没有直接利益关系,但他们已经习惯人们把诺基亚当作一张名片,从巴塞罗那到北京,各地外国人用这张名片来认识他们的国家。既然诺基亚的归属已经尘埃落定,诺基亚内外的芬兰人可能更容易停止盘点过去的错误,开始为建设未来努力。 Samuli Hanninen, an engineer and Nokia vice-president responsible for smartphone imaging technology, says that when he was briefed on the forthcoming announcement one Saturday he “opened a beer and went to do some gardening”. This week, presenting the news to his team, he called for questions. One engineer put up his hand. “Can we go back to work now?” 工程师、负责智能手机成像技术的诺基亚副总裁萨穆利#8226;汉尼宁(Samuli Hanninen)表示,当他在一个周六事先得知这一交易时,他“开了瓶啤酒,干了点园艺活儿”。他向团队宣布这条消息时,问大家有没有问题。一名工程师举起手,说道:“我们现在能回去工作了吗?” /201309/256754

^#G]cP#3a2Cbn9n,boKUS-Dr0@0C1MHEdlYj#Y9)ee!V!FAsparagusAsparagus is anti-inflammatory and provides digestive support, according to ;The Longevity Kitchen,; a book that explains the life-extending benefits of healthy foods.芦笋芦笋有抗炎和提供消化持的功效,根据《长寿厨房》,一本解释健康食物延年益寿的书d]_uMf+,dx95V(T4B9。Ez.vb76[bzi#UI1r^q_+*%u*;3](IfOm;_xvdPO /201305/238977

“阿汤嫂”跑马拉松 阿汤哥携女助威Holmes was among the tens of thousands of runners participating in the annual New York City Marathon on Sunday, finishing the race in 5 hours, 29 minutes and 58 seconds.一年一度的纽约马拉松赛于上周日举行,“阿汤嫂”凯蒂#8226;赫尔姆斯也出现在数万人的参赛队伍中,她以5小时29分48秒跑完了比赛全程。Husband Tom Cruise and their daughter, Suri, were at the finish line to congratulate the actress, according to event officials.据比赛组织人员介绍,“阿汤哥”抱着女儿苏芮在终点线处等待凯蒂的“凯旋”。Holmes had registered under an alias so she wouldn't draw too much attention to herself, event officials said, but her time was listed in the official results under her real name.据介绍,为了避免招致过多注意,赫尔姆斯报名参赛时用的是化名,但官方记录的比赛成绩用的则是她的真名。The 26.2-mile course travels through all five boroughs of the city, starting on Staten Island and finishing in Manhattan's Central Park. This year, 39,085 runners started the race.此次比赛全程共26.2英里,起跑点为史坦顿岛,终点设在曼哈顿中央公园,途经纽约市五大行政区。今年的参赛选手达到39085人。Paula Radcliffe, of Great Britain, who had a baby just 9 months ago, won the women's race in 2 hours, 23 minutes, 9 seconds. Martin Lel of Kenya won the men's title in 2:09:04.九个月前刚做妈妈的英国选手保拉#8226;拉德克利夫以2小时23分9秒的成绩夺得女子组冠军;肯尼亚选手马丁#8226;勒尔以2小时9分4秒的成绩获男子组冠军。Holmes has said she has always liked to run, and took it up to help lose baby weight after giving birth to her daughter, who is now a year old.赫尔姆斯说,她一直喜欢跑步。生完女儿后,她坚持跑步锻炼减肥。她与“阿汤哥”的爱女苏芮现在已满一周岁。"I'm good, but I'm feeling very tired," Holmes said.赫尔姆斯说:“我感觉不错,但现在很累。”The 28-year-old actress trained for months for the grueling event.这位28岁的女星在参赛之前进行了为期数月的训练。 /200803/32749

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