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2019年11月19日 20:56:06 | 作者:120专家 | 来源:新华社
这是关于一个女孩、女人、女性的成长漫画On A Claire Day:亲情、友情、爱情;家庭,朋友、婚姻,工作,生活……一切的一切~今日嘱咐:其实,万圣节就是最大的西方传统Cosplay节!只不过Cos那些动漫人物,就太普通了;直接Play你老板试试看……!译者:koogle /201306/243726

美好婚姻秘诀?分担家务!Sharing housework is important to marriage.The percentage of Americans who consider children "very important" to a successful marriage has dropped sharply since 1990, and more now cite the sharing of household chores as pivotal, according to a sweeping new survey.The Pew Research Center survey on marriageand parenting found that children had fallen to eighth out of nine on a list of factors that people associate with successful marriages - well behind "sharing household chores," "good housing," "adequate income," a "happy sexual relationship" and "faithfulness."In a 1990 World Values Survey, children ranked third in importance among the same items, with 65 percent saying children were very important to a good marriage. Just 41 percent said so in the new Pew survey.Chore-sharing was cited as very important by 62 percent of respondents, up from 47 percent in 1990.The survey also found that, more Americans say the main purpose of marriage is the "mutual happiness and fulfillment" of adults rather than the "bearing and raising of children."The survey's findings buttress concerns expressed by numerous scholars and family-policy experts, among them Barbara Dafoe Whitehead of Rutgers University's National Marriage Project."The popular culture is increasingly oriented to fulfilling the desires of adults," she wrote in a recent report. "Child-rearing values - sacrifice, stability, dependability, maturity - seem stale and musty by comparison."Virginia Rutter, a sociology professor at Framingham (Mass.) State College and board member of the Council on Contemporary Families, said the shifting views may be linked in part to America's relative lack of family-friendly workplace policies such as paid leave and subsidized child care."If we value families ... we need to change the circumstances they live in," she said, citing the challenges faced by young, two-earner couples as they ponder having children.The Pew survey was conducted by telephone from mid-February through mid-March among a random, nationwide sample of 2,020 adults. 一项大规模的最新调查显示,美国人中认为孩子对于美好婚姻“十分重要”的比例自上世纪90年代以来急剧下降,如今更多的美国人认为分担家务才是美好婚姻的关键。美国皮尤调查中心此项有关婚姻和育儿的调查发现,在人们列举的与美好婚姻有关的九大因素中,“孩子”下滑至第八位,位居“分担家务”、“住房条件好”、“收入富足”、“性生活愉快”及“忠诚”几大因素之后。在1990年的“世界价值观调查”中,“孩子”在以上几个因素中排名第三,65%的美国人认为孩子对于美好婚姻十分重要。而在此项最新的皮尤调查中,只有41%持相同观点。62%的受访者认为“分担家务”十分重要,超过了1990年的47%。另外,调查还发现,更多的美国人认为婚姻的主要目的是两人之间的“相互愉悦与满足”,而不是“养育孩子”。该调查的结果造成了很多学者和家庭政策专家们的担忧,鲁特格斯大学国家婚姻项目的芭芭拉·达佛·怀特黑德就是其中一位。她在最近的一篇报告中写道:“大众文化正日益以满足成年人的欲望为导向。而牺牲、稳定、可靠及成熟等育儿的价值观似乎已经过时了。”弗莱明翰州立大学的社会学教授、当代家庭研究会的理事会成员弗吉妮亚·鲁特称,这种观念的转变一部分可能与美国缺少如带薪假期及子女津贴等关心员工家庭的政策有关。她在谈及年轻的上班族夫妇在考虑要孩子时所面临的挑战时说:“如果我们重视家庭……我们就应该改变他们生活的环境。”此项随机电话调查从今年2月中旬持续至三月中旬,全美共有2020名成年人参加。 /200803/32260

Advent is the period of preparation for the celebration of the birth of Jesus and begins on Sunday nearest to 30th November. The word Advent comes from the Latin adventus meaning coming. Traditionally it is a penitential season but is no longer kept with the strictness of Lent and Christians are no longer required to fast.从最临近11月30日的星期天开始的耶稣降临是为庆祝耶稣诞生做准备的一段时间。降临起源于拉丁语词汇“adventus”意义为来临。按照传统,这是基督教徒忏悔的时间,但现在基督教徒们已经不需要严格遵守这一规矩。Advent wreaths are popular especially in churches. They are made with fir branches and four candles. A candle is lit each Sunday during Advent.降临节花环是非常流行的一个装饰物,特别是在教堂里。它是由杉树树枝和四根蜡烛组成。在降临节的这个月里,每周星期日人们就会点亮一只蜡烛。Christmas Day is the Christian festival most celebrated by non-churchgoers, and churches are often completely full for the service late on Christmas Eve.圣诞节是基督教的节日中最广泛被非基督教徒庆祝的节日,而平安夜教堂中也会挤满了来做礼拜的人。 /201312/269906

No one wants to grow old before their time. But you should ignore the number of candles on your cake. Your real age is revealed by how active and supple your mind and body are. Towards that end, here are seven surprising things that age you.没有人想提前变老。但是你应该忽略你蛋糕上的蜡烛数。你的真实年龄由你心灵和身体的灵活度揭示。为此这里有让你变老的七件令人惊讶的事情。1.Your pillowcaseObviously, getting enough sleep is always a good thing. But that pillowcase of yours is a different story. Experts say it can take moisture away from your body which, in turn, can age skin. What#39;s worse, your pillowcase also can leave wrinkles and fine lines on your face. To fight the problem, you should buy a silk pillow cover. Silk contains amino acids that are very similar to those found in your moisturizers. As such, they actually don#39;t draw moisture from your face the way other pillowcases can.1.你的枕套显然,充足的睡眠总是一件好事。但是,你的枕套是另一回事。专家说它能把水分抽离你的身体,从而老化肌肤。更糟糕的是,你的枕套也可以在你脸上留下皱纹和细纹。应对这一问题,你应该买一个丝质枕套。丝含有氨基酸,非常类似于在你的保湿霜里发现的东西。因此,它们实际上并不从你脸上吸收水分,而其他枕套可以。2. SmilingYou may look nice with a smile on your face, but that grin -- as well as other facial expressions such as squinting -- actually can create more wrinkles and fine lines. Skin loses flexibility as it ages and doesn#39;t have the capacity to spring back into place like it did when you were younger.2.微笑你脸上带着微笑会看起来很友好,但那笑容——以及其他面部表情如眯眼——实际上会产生更多的皱纹和细纹。随着年龄增大皮肤失去弹性,无法再回到年轻的时候的状态。3. Central Air And HeatingLow-humidity environments such as those created by central heating and air conditioning can lead to dry skin. And dry skin makes wrinkles more pronounced -- even though it doesn#39;t actually cause wrinkles. Best to warm or cool your body by putting on or taking off layers of clothing rather than turning up the heat or air conditioner.3.中央空调和供暖低湿度的环境中,例如那些由中央供暖和空调创造的环境会导致皮肤干燥。皮肤干燥使皱纹更明显——尽管它实际上并不产生皱纹。最好通过加减衣物来使你的身体暖和或凉快,而不是打开暖气或空调。4. Drinking from bottles and through strawsIt may be hard to believe but, yes, the puckering process of drinking from a bottle or through a straw -- just like any repeated muscle motion -- can lead to fine lines and wrinkles around the mouth. Face cream can help. But dermatologists tell those who are prone to fine lines and wrinkles around the mouth to avoid straws altogether.4.并通过吸管喝瓶装水这也许很难相信,但是,是的,从瓶子中喝水或通过一根吸管的曲折过程——就像任何重复的肌肉运动,会导致嘴巴旁边的细纹和皱纹。面霜可以有帮助。但是皮肤科医生告诉那些嘴部容易起细纹和皱纹的人要完全避免吸管。5. Watching TVAfter the age of 25, every hour of TV you want shortens your life by 21.8 minutes. Really, truly. Or so says a 2011 study by researchers in Australia. Indeed, those who watch six or more hours a day of TV apparently live 4.8 years less than those who don#39;t watch TV. In the end, watching TV may be on par with other risk factors such as obesity.5.看电视25岁以后,你每看一小时的电视就会缩短21.8分钟的生命。真的,真的。2011年澳大利亚的研究人员做的课题中也这样说过。事实上,那些一天看六个小时以上电视的人比那些不看电视的人明显少活4.8年。最后,看电视可能也会伴随着其他危险因素如肥胖。6. SugarNo doubt sugar is bad for your waistline but eating sugary foods also can harm the collagen and elastin needed to keep your skin smooth and youthful. Experts say you should replace foods high in sugar with low-glycemic carbs like whole grains. Why? Because the body processes them more slowly, which limits the loss of collagen and elastin.6.糖毫无疑问,糖不利于你的腰围,但吃含糖的食物也会损害那些需要来保持皮肤光滑年轻的胶原蛋白和弹性蛋白。专家说你应该用全谷类的低糖碳水化合物来取代高糖食物。为什么?因为身体消化它们更为缓慢,从而限制了胶原蛋白和弹性蛋白的损失。7. Holding Things InMad at your bank#39;s customer service representative? Keeping that anger inside isn#39;t a good thing. Or so say studies that show clamming up makes you four times more likely to die earlier than those who don#39;t bottle things up.7.憋住不放对你的的代表很生气吗?将愤怒埋在心里不是一件好事。或者这么说研究表明拒不开口让你早死的概率是那些不把事情憋在心里的人的四倍。 /201304/235005

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