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铅山县腋窝脱毛多少钱上饶医学整形美容祛眼袋手术多少钱Here they are, then, the Tudor odd couple,on the frontispiece of an English Bible.这就是他们 都铎王朝古怪的一对 出现于英国圣经的卷首插画上You take away one,and the Reformation wouldnt have happened,如果任意一位缺席历史 宗教改革就不会发生了at least wouldnt have happened the way it did.至少不会演变成随后的局面Because they were like two pillars,theological on the left and the political on the right,他们就好比两根擎天大柱 神学在左 政治于右with the king, triumphant, in the middle.而国王则得意洋洋地正坐中央Their agenda was always more radical than the kings.他们的议题总比国王的更为激进Cromwells Protestantism was the product of the kind of anti-establishment killer instinct克伦威尔主张的新教教义 无处不透露着极端反正统教派的本质you might expect from a Putney clever Dick out to make a name for himself.就像个爱臭显摆的人 想要急着出名一样Cranmers convictions were more profound and thoughtful,克兰麦的信仰更具远见卓识but he too had strong personal reasons to side with the Reformers.但他同样出于私人原因 站在了革新派一边Shortly before he was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury,就在被任命为坎特伯雷大主教前不久Cranmer had secretly married a German woman, Margareta,克兰麦私下与一位名为玛格丽特的德国女人结婚thereby committing himself to one of Luthers most shocking innovations.因此加入了路德的宗教改革大军中Cranmer, like Cromwell, was devoted to the Renaissance idea of a strong prince in a strong Christian state.和克伦威尔一样 克兰麦也致力于辅佐一位强势的国君 在一个强大的基督教国家进行文艺复兴The people were going to be given their Bible from on high,人们只能研读由当局授权的《圣经》authorised, and no other version was going to be tolerated.其余版本皆不被承认This picture of an orderly, even authoritarian Church of England is exactly what you see on the frontispiece of this Great Bible,这尽显英国教会井然有序 甚至近乎独裁的图片 就是《大圣经》的卷首插画 officially commissioned by Thomas Cromwell and published in 1539.由托马斯·克伦威尔正式授权 于1539年出版 /201612/486468上饶市中医院做隆胸手术多少钱 In vitro fertilisationAn arm and a leg for a fertilised eggLOUISE BROWN was conceived in a Petri dish placed under a dome-shaped glass jar that looks a bit like an old-fashioned cake dish. She was the first baby created by in vitrofertilisation (IVF). Today’s IVF babies are made in fancy laboratories where computers monitor the temperature, sterility and a finely tuned mix of medical-grade gases. Sophisticated techniques, such as testing embryos for genetic diseases, promise hopeful parents a greater chance of a healthy baby.But the price tag is hefty, ranging from ,000-3,000 per cycle in India to ,000-15,000 in America. In England the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, a government body, says the state should offer infertile couples three cycles of IVF. But tight budgets mean that over half of IVF patients pay out of pocket. In America, where insurers rarely pay for IVF, only a quarter of couples who need it to conceive actually get it, by one estimate. Globally, the figure is less than a tenth.Can IVF be made cheaper? Experts see two ways to try. The first is to cut the use of drugs, tests or procedures that for many couples are clearly unnecessary. The second is to work out how the cost and effectiveness of simpler methods compare with those of the standard package. For a health problem that affects one in six to seven couples, solid studies on this trade-off are shockingly rare.A clue about the scale of wasteful over-prescribing comes from new data on the use of intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), a procedure to insert sperm into the egg in cases of male infertility. In 2010 this was used in nearly 70% of IVF cycles globally, though faulty sperm affects only 40% of infertile couples. Other bells and whistles include various tests to find out what causes infertility, such as sperm analysis using expensive machines (inspection under a simple microscope is often enough). Such extras are overused partly because many doctors and patients mistakenly believe that they make a big difference.Some cost-cutting techniques could make IVF less effective. However, in some cases the trade-off may be worth it, says David Adamson of the International Committee Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technologies. Lower doses of pricey IVF drugs, for example, reduce the chance of conceiving a baby on each try. But the time it takes to bring home a baby is, on average, similar and the total cost lower under such a regimen, some studies suggest (you simply try the cheaper intervention more often). It also results in fewer complications from the IVF drugs and fewer multiple births. This “mild IVF” approach is increasingly popular in some countries, including Japan, France and the Netherlands.Two IVF technologies developed in recent years do without the expensive laboratory where embryos are grown before they are placed in the uterus. INVOcell, which was licensed in America last year, is a plastic chamber the size of a champagne cork. The gametes (eggs and sperm) are placed inside and fertilisation occurs when the device is placed in the vagina for three to five days. Some clinics offer IVF with the device at half the price of conventional IVF. One small study showed that pregnancy rates are similar.201701/487616Although a duchess she dressed poorly, she went barefoot, even in the snow, where it was reported that she left bloody footprints, and, almost unheard of in those days, she drank only water.虽然贵为公爵夫人,她穿着极为简朴,常常赤脚,即使是行走在雪地里。据说,她曾在雪地里留下连串带血的足迹。她只饮用水。This teetotal behaviour worried her husband a good deal; drinking wine was much safer than water that was usually unclean, and he was worried that she would fall ill or fade away.这种滴酒不沾的行为在当时简直是闻所未闻,也让她的丈夫极为担忧,怕妻子会因此患病:其时人们常以酒代水,因为水总是不够洁净,酒相对安全一些。But one day, so the legend goes, the Duke watched her raise her glass of water to her lips, and saw that it miraculously turned into wine.但有传言说,一天,公爵看到夫人端起水杯放在唇边时,杯里的水奇迹般地变成了酒。Her sainthood, and presumably her health, was pretty much assured from then on.她的圣徒之名自此确立,健康也大概因此得到了保。And so was the fame of her glass.她使用的玻璃杯也声名远扬。Medieval Europe had an insatiable hunger for relics connected to miracles.中欧人无止尽地渴望看到与宗教神迹相关的圣物。Among the most famous of them all was a cup which had been used at the Wedding at Cana, where Christ performed his first miracle of turning water into wine.其中最著名的圣物之一便是据称曾在迦拿的婚礼上使用的杯子,基督用它第一次显示了奇迹,将清水变成了美酒。But what about Hedwigs cup?海德薇的杯子继承了这一令人自豪的传统。I have it in my hand or, at least, I have in my hand one of the dozen or so glass beakers, all strikingly similar, which were identified by the pious as the vessels from which Hedwig had drunk.我们所收藏的玻璃杯与其说是一个水杯,倒不如说更像是个小号的花瓶。它是世上仅存的约十二个外观酷似的玻璃杯中的一个,这些杯子被虔诚的信徒认定曾为海德薇所使用。Its a thick glass, a smoky topaz colour, and its about eight inches (20 cm) high, and its really much more like a small vase.它们用厚玻璃制成,呈烟熏的黄玉色,高约14厘米,You need two hands to grasp it, and its not at all easy to drink out of.需要用双手才能捧起,想用它喝水更是不易。If I put some water in to it, and then try to take a proper gulp, the rim is so wide that it spills.如果往里面注水,再试着一口喝光,水会因杯沿太宽而洒出。And sadly, I have to tell you, that when I drink from this it does not turn into wine.并且遗憾的是,水并没有变成酒。But a miracle of a different sort has ensured that a dozen or so vulnerable or fragile glass objects like this should all have survived the centuries intact.不过它们承载着另一个奇迹:如此脆弱的玻璃制品,竟然能够历经千年的岁月,被完整无缺地保留至今。译文属201605/445161上饶德兴市开韩式双眼皮多少钱

上饶注射瘦脸针医院In 1965,17-year-old high school student, Randy Gardner stayed awake for 264 hours.1965年,17岁的高中生兰迪·加德纳264小时没有睡觉。Thats 11 days to see how hed cope without sleep.累计11天,来看看他是怎么应对不睡觉的。On the second day, his eyes stopped focusing.第二天,他的目光停止对焦。Next, he lost the ability to identify objects by touch.接下来,他失去了通过触摸来识别物体的能力。By day three, Gardner was moody and uncoordinated.到第三天,加德纳喜怒无常,变得不协调。At the end of the experiment, he was struggling to concentrate,在实验结束时,他奋力集中,had trouble with short-term memory, became paranoid, and started hallucinating.但短期记忆了出现问题,变得偏执,并且开始出现幻觉。Although Gardner recovered without long-term psychological or physical damage,虽然加德纳恢复了,并没有长期的心理或物理伤害,for others, losing shuteye can result in hormonal imbalance, illness, and, in extreme cases, death.但对有些人来说,失去睡眠可能会导致荷尔蒙失调、疾病,并且在极端情况下死亡。Were only beginning to understand why we sleep to begin with, but we do know its essential.我们才刚刚开始理解为什么我们要睡觉,但我们知道这是必不可少的。Adults need seven to eight hours of sleep a night, and adolescents need about ten.成年人需要一个晚上七八个小时的睡眠,青少年需要大约十个小时。We grow sleepy due to signals from our body telling our brain we are tired, and signals from the environment telling us its dark outside.我们犯困是由于我们的身体信号告诉我们的大脑我们累了,环境就是告诉我们天黑了的信号。The rise in sleep-inducing chemicals, like adenosine and melatonin,催眠化学品的兴起,像腺苷和褪黑激素,send us into a light doze that grows deeper, making our breathing and heart rate slow down and our muscles relax.把我们从打盹变成深眠,使我们的呼吸和心脏速率减慢,让我们的肌肉放松。This non-REM sleep is when DNA is repaired and our bodies replenish themselves for the day ahead.此非REM睡眠时是DNA提前一天修复我们的身体、补充自己的时候。In the ed States, its estimated that 30% of adults and 66% of adolescents are regularly sleep-deprived.在美国,据估计,30%的成人,66%的青少年经常睡眠不足。This isnt just a minor inconvenience. Staying awake can cause serious bodily harm.这不仅是一个小小的麻烦。保持清醒会导致严重的人身伤害。When we lose sleep, learning, memory, mood, and reaction time are affected.当我们失眠时,学习、记忆、心情和反应时间都受到影响。Sleeplessness may also cause inflammation, hallucinations, high blood pressure, and its even been linked to diabetes and obesity.失眠也可引起炎症、幻觉、高血压,它甚至被认为与糖尿病和肥胖症有关。In 2014, a devoted soccer fan died after staying awake for 48 hours to watch the World Cup.2014年,一个忠实的足球迷在48小时不睡觉观看世界杯后死亡。While his untimely death was due to a stroke,虽然他的英年早逝是由于中风,studies show that chronically sleeping fewer than six hours a night研究表明,长期每晚睡眠少于六小时的人increases stroke risk by four and half times compared to those getting a consistent seven to eight hours of shuteye.中风风险是那些每晚睡七至八小时的4.5倍。For a handful of people on the planet who carry a rare inherited genetic mutation, sleeplessness is a daily reality.对在这个星球上携带着一种罕见基因突变的人类来说,失眠是一种日常现实。This condition, known as Fatal Familial Insomnia, places the body in a nightmarish state of wakefulness,这种情况被称为致死性家族失眠症,身体在清醒的一个噩梦般的状态,forbidding it from entering the sanctuary of sleep.禁止它进入睡眠的避难所。Within months or years, this progressively worsening condition leads to dementia and death.在几个月或几年,这种逐步恶化的状况导致痴呆和死亡。How can sleep deprivation cause such immense suffering?睡眠剥夺为何引起如此巨大的痛苦?Scientists think the answer lies with the accumulation of waste products in the brain.科学家认为,在于大脑中废物的积累。During our waking hours, our cells are busy using up our days energy sources,在我们醒着的时候,我们的细胞都在忙着用我们一天的能源,which get broken down into various byproducts, including adenosine.其中细分为各种副产品,包括腺苷。As adenosine builds up, it increases the urge to sleep, also known as sleep pressure.随着腺苷的积聚,它增加了冲动睡觉,也被称为睡眠压力。In fact, caffeine works by blocking adenosines receptor pathways.事实上,咖啡因通过阻断腺苷的受体途径来起作用。Other waste products also build up in the brain, and if theyre not cleared away,其他废物也在脑中积聚,如果他们不清理掉they collectively overload the brain and are thought to lead to the many negative symptoms of sleep deprivation.就会共同使大脑超载,这被认为是导致睡眠剥夺的诸多不良症状的原因。So, whats happening in our brain when we sleep to prevent this?那么,当我们睡觉时,我们的大脑是怎样阻止这种情况的呢?Scientists found something called the lymphatic system,科学家们发现了淋巴系统,a clean-up mechanism that removes this buildup and is much more active when were asleep.一种能消除这种堆积,并且当我们睡着时更加活跃的机制。It works by using cerebrospinal fluid to flush away toxic byproducts that accumulate between cells.它的工作原理是利用脑脊液冲走在细胞之间的有毒物质。Lymphatic vessels, which serve as pathways for immune cells, have recently been discovered in the brain,淋巴管,为免疫细胞提供路径的血管,最近被发现存在于大脑中,and they may also play a role in clearing out the brains daily waste products.他们也可能在清除大脑日常代谢物中扮演了重要的角色。While scientists continue exploring the restorative mechanisms behind sleep,虽然科学家还在继续探索关于睡眠的恢复机制,we can be sure that slipping into slumber is a necessity if we want to maintain our health and our sanity.我们可以肯定的是,如果我们要保持我们的健康和理智,打瞌睡是必需的。201706/515431婺源县妇幼保健人民中医院激光点痣多少钱 栏目简介:《趣味青春英语视频》是外语网络电台的精品节目,通过大讲堂的网络课堂形式,能够帮助英语学习者积累一些英语背景知识,并通过互动的教学形式,帮助有效记忆英语知识。本栏目是学习趣味青春英语的好材料。201607/451732铅山县人民医院切眼袋多少钱

上饶广丰区祛痣多少钱 More Americans are dying by accident, largely because of drug overdoses. 越来越多的美国人死于事故,很大程度上因为药物过量。A National Safety Council report shows the number of accidental deaths hit a record high in 2014, the most recent year data was available.国家安全委员会的报告显示,2014年意外死亡人数创历史新高,最近年份的数据可以获得。But its a number thats been on the rise over the past decade. 但在过去的十年这一数据一直在上升。Accidental deaths are now the fourth-highest cause of death, falling behind heart disease, cancer and chronic respiratory disease. 意外死亡是导致死亡的第四大原因,位于心脏病、癌症和慢性呼吸系统疾病之后。NSC statistics manager said: Its all preventable. Every accident is preventable. But its not necessarily the fault of the victim.国家安全委员会统计经理说:这都是可以预防的。每一次事故都是可以预防的。但这不一定是受害者的过错。Americans rising use of opioids including heroin has become a national issue highlighted in other recent reports.美国人增加使用包括海洛因在内的阿片类药物已成为一个国家问题,在其他报告中有强调。The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said deaths from opioid and heroin use rose 14 percent from 2013 to 2014 and have nearly tripled since 2010.疾病控制和预防中心表示,2013年至2014年间死于阿片类药物和海洛因的人数上升百分之14,自2010年起翻了近三倍。As for the NSC report, it also showed deaths from accidents like falling have more than tripled in the past couple of decades. 据国家安全委员会的报告,在过去几十年里,死于类似摔倒的事故已经翻了三倍。An increasing elderly population from the baby boomer generation is likely the reason for this uptick.来自婴儿潮一代的越来越多老年人可能是上升的原因。But other types of accidental deaths, like those caused by traffic crashes, are actually down. 但其它类型的意外死亡,如交通事故所造成的,实际上下降了。Better technology has made cars increasingly safer, although drunk driving is still a big concern. 更好的技术使汽车变得越来越安全,尽管酒驾仍是一个大问题。译文属。201606/449845上饶治胎记上饶上饶县去除川字纹手术多少钱



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