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上海宝山区中西医结合医院抽脂多少钱QQ在线上海华山医院减肥手术价格

来源:华龙共享    发布时间:2019年10月21日 02:43:39    编辑:admin         

各位有没有想过,为什么在英语写作的时候,第一人称单数的代词I不管出现在句中什么位置都一定要大写呢?为什么you,we,they,he,she之类的人称代词不用大写呢?北京大学英语系教授辜正坤先生在央视《讲坛》“当茶遇到咖啡”系列节目“中西语言文字与文化比较”一讲中对上面这个问题有这样的解读:“我们人类的文化,包括中国的文化和西方的文化,有时候在口语当中容易表现出来,最简单一个字就可以把问题说清楚。举个例子来说,在英语当中,以代词来说吧,你(you),我们(we),他们(they),他(he),她(she),这些代词都是不大写的,但是只有一个字要大写,谁呀,I,我就要大写。那么反过来说,在中国他就刚好相反,同样的是称呼“我”,那么中国人是怎么称呼呢?他就不会去大写了,当然没有那个拼写的大写,用别的方式来表述,会说“在下”、“鄙人”,就是皇帝也会称自己“寡人”或者“孤”,都是尽量地尊重别人,克制自己的这种心态。这跟西方文化当中的“我”一下子就区别开了。一个代词的使用就可以看得出来这两种文化是分道扬镳的,在很多方面极性是相反的。”第一人称单数的代词I大写这个问题在语言学中是有共识的。《巴恩哈特语源学辞典》(The Barnhart Dictionary of Etymology ,W H. W. Wilson,1988)中就有这样的解释:"The pronoun 'I' developed from the unstressed form of Old English (about 725) ic singular pronoun of the first person (nominative case). Modern and Middle English I developed from earlier i in the stressed position. I came to be written with a capital letter thereby making it a distinct word and avoiding mising handwritten manuscripts. In the northern and midland dialects of England the capitalized form I appeared about 1250."也就是说,在古英语中“我”最初是用ic两个字母来表示,逐渐演变成为单个字母i。一旦成为单个字母i的时候就出现了一个问题,i这个小写的词在手写体中很容易与前后的词混淆,所以大约在1250年起英格兰中部和北部的方言中就开始使用大写的I。《莫里斯字词源词典》(Morris Dictionary of Word and Phrase Origins)也指出,把I(我)大写与ego(自我意识)无关,只是为了避免混淆和错误(the reason for the capital I is simply to avoid confusion and error)。此外,也有语言学者认为,I作为人称代词与you,they,he,she还是有区别的,因为这是书写者的自称,比如John Wilson是作者的话,如果写自己的名字当然要大写,所以当用I来代表John Wilson时也要大写。所以,英语中第一人称单数I大写并不是因为西方人个人至上、自我中心的思维逻辑。说到逻辑,辜正坤教授上面的那段话也有不严谨之处。英语中的I大写只是英语的语法,并不代表其他欧洲语言的第一人称单数也一定大写,比如法语的je(我)在句中出现时就不能大写。辜教授是如何从一个简单的英语单词推广到所有西方语言进而得出西方文化与中国文化“分道扬镳”的呢?当然,我质疑I大写的文化含义,只是认为这个例子举得不够恰当,并非否认英语和汉语词汇区别的确可以显示东西文化差别。美国夏威夷大学汉学家、哲学家安乐哲(Roger T.Ames)教授举过这样的例子:比如用英文说:“Everybody please stand up.”我们要用everybody(每一个身体)、everyone(每一个人)来讲,换作中文来说就是“大家请站起来”,“大家”和“everybody”的涵义是有区别的。在安乐哲教授看来,这个例子说明了中西方文化的差异,中国文化所强调的是一种人与人之间的关系性,人类是彼此依靠的,是相互关联的,了解一个人要从不同的社会关系上去了解。 /201007/108779。

本文是旅行安全务公司的负责人约翰·罗斯所提供的出行安全贴士。他归纳了出行时遇到的一些常见问题和五个小贴士。不要小看这些TIPS,关键时候说不定能帮上大忙呢。No. 1: Keep your plans private.第一条:行程保密;Whether you are traveling domestically or abroad, don#39;t discuss your itinerary,; Rose said. Doing so can make you an easier target for scammers and fraud artists while traveling.“不管是在国内还是在国外旅行,都不要透露自己的旅行日程”,罗斯说。不然,在旅途中就更容易被歹徒以及骗子盯上。No. 2: Be alert and aware.第二条:提高警觉Keeping your eyes and ears open while away on business allows you to more easily blend in with your surroundings.If you manage to have a good grasp on the environment, ;you won#39;t be targeted for pick pocketing or scams,; Rose said.出门在外,要保持耳聪目明,这样更能随机应变。如果你能设法对周遭环境做到心中有数,“你就不会成为扒手和歹徒的目标”,罗斯说。No. 3: Have an emergency contact.第三条:要有紧急联系人Keeping an emergency contact in your cell phone or wallet is always a smart idea, especially when traveling alone, Rose said.;Always have someone at your company or in your family know your plans, as well,; he added.在手机或者钱包中留一个紧急联系人的联系方式绝对是个明智之举,特别是当你独自旅行时,罗斯说。他又补充道,“让某个同事或者家人知道你的行程同样很重要”。No. 4: Book your ground transportation in advance.第四条:提前预定地面交通工具This is key when traveling internationally, Rose said. ;Don#39;t allow yourself to wait for transportation,; he said. ;Arrange it in advance, even if it#39;s a taxi. Prepay for transit as well.;在国外旅行时,这点非常重要,罗斯说。别让自己等车,他说,就算只是辆的士,也要提前订好,并且预付车费。No. 5: Copy your documents.第五条:备份件文书This is another important tip for international trips. Rose said all important identification and medical documents should be copied and stored separately from your person. ;Keep these in a separate place or bag, so if something gets stolen you don#39;t lose your documents,; he said.这也是在国外旅行时需要注意的重要贴士,罗斯说,所有重要的件以及医疗文书都要拷贝一份,并离身存放。“将这些文件单独存放”,这样就算你遇贼,也不会丢掉这些文件,他说。 /201204/178073。

Smiling is a great way to make yourself stand out while helping your body to function better. Smile to improve your health, your stress level, and your attractiveness. Smiling is just one fun way to live longer about the others and try as many as you can.1. Smiling makes us attractive.We are drawn to people who smile. There is an attraction factor. We want to know a smiling person and figure out what is so good. Frowns, scowls and grimaces all push people away -- but a smile draws them in.2. Smiling Changes Our MoodNext time you are feeling down, try putting on a smile. There's a good chance you mood will change for the better. Smiling can trick the body into helping you change your mood.3. Smiling is ContagiousWhen someone is smiling they lighten up the room, change the moods of others, and make things happier. A smiling person brings happiness with them. Smile lots and you will draw people to you.4. Smiling Relieves StressStress can really show up in our faces. Smiling helps to prevent us from looking tired, worn down, and overwhelmed. When you are stressed, take time to put on a smile. The stress should be reduced and you'll be better able to take action.5. Smiling Boosts Your Immune SystemSmiling helps the immune system to work better. When you smile, immune function improves possibly because you are more relaxed. Prevent the flu and colds by smiling.6. Smiling Lowers Your Blood PressureWhen you smile, there is a measurable reduction in your blood pressure. Give it a try if you have a blood pressure monitor at home. Sit for a few minutes, take a ing. Then smile for a minute and take another ing while still smiling. Do you notice a difference?7. Smiling Releases Endorphins, Natural Pain Killers and SerotoninStudies have shown that smiling releases endorphins, natural pain killers, and serotonin. Together these three make us feel good. Smiling is a natural drug.8. Smiling Lifts the Face and Makes You Look YoungerThe muscles we use to smile lift the face, making a person appear younger. Don't go for a face lift, just try smiling your way through the day -- you'll look younger and feel better.9. Smiling Makes You Seem SuccessfulSmiling people appear more confident, are more likely to be promoted, and more likely to be approached. Put on a smile at meetings and appointments and people will react to you differently.10. Smiling Helps You Stay PositiveTry this test: Smile. Now try to think of something negative without losing the smile. It's hard. When we smile our body is sending the rest of us a message that "Life is Good!" Stay away from depression, stress and worry by smiling. /200901/60172。

Make it a Habit习惯成自然The absolute best thing you can do to ensure you have the willpower to persist in the face of challenges and temptations, is to simply conserve it. One way to do this by turning as much positive activity as possible into habitual behavior. I assume you don’t have to exert willpower to brush your teeth every day and that doing so has just become an automatic part of your daily routines.最好的做法就是在挑战和诱惑面前坚定不移,把这些积极的做法形成你的习惯。你看,每天早上刷牙,你需要毅力吗?那是每天例行的。About 10 years ago I went on a very strict diet for about 1 year. I went cold turkey on a bunch of crap I had been stuffing myself with for decades. This took a lot of willpower at first, but after a few months on the diet it took absolutely no self-control to maintain. I simply got in the habit of refusing to eat certain foods. There was no decision involved. I didn’t have to continually debate whether I should or I shouldn’t eat something and I thereby preserved my willpower resources for other issues. Over the subsequent years, when I applied less strict standards, I found myself failing to eat properly much more frequently. This was especially true when my willpower was drained at the end of a stressful day.10年前,我节食了一年,我每天就胡乱吃了一点冻火鸡。这一开始的确需要很大的意志力,但几个月之后,我就不用控制自己了。不用多想也不用纠结,我习惯不吃一些东西了。这样我就不用把有限的意志力放在这个问题上了。接下来几年,我的节食没那么严格了,于是我的饮食规律开始有点不正常,尤其是在我劳累一天,毅力耗尽之时。 /201006/106790。

It#39;s rare when a single photograph defines an historic event. But one of those photographs is ;The Kiss.; It#39;s from Aug. 14, 1945, the day Japan surrendered to end World War II, when a sailor and nurse locked lips in Times Square.一张照片定格一个历史事件,这是很罕见的,然而“胜利之吻”恰好正是这样的一张照片。1945年8月14日,日本在二战中正式宣布投降。时代广场之上,一名水兵和一位护士相拥而吻。Until just recently, their identities remained a mystery, but with the 67th anniversary of VJ Day coming up Tuesday, the time seemed right for CBS News to reunite them. The photo is one of the most famous from the 20th century - a moment filled with such spontaneous euphoria it seemed to last forever.随着二战胜利67周年的日子临近,这正好是CBS新闻让这二位过去一直身份不明的两位主角重逢的好时机。这张照片是20世纪最著名的照片之一,它记录下了永久珍藏的狂欢之景。;It was the moment. You come back from the Pacific, and finally, the war ends,; reflects 89-year-old George Mendonsa, who says he#39;s the sailor in the photograph. The sailor, in uniform, is seen with Greta Friedman, a nurse, in her white uniform.“那时我刚从太平洋回来,接着战争就结束了。” 照片中的水兵,现年89岁的乔治·门德萨回忆道。照片中的水兵身着军装,而那个护士格丽塔·弗里德曼也穿着她的白色护士。As the perfect strangers embraced and kissed, world famous photographer Alfred Eisenstaedt snapped four pictures, taking only ten seconds to do so.目睹着素不相识的陌生人相拥而吻,摄影师阿尔弗雷德·艾森施塔特只用了10秒钟就抓拍了四张,记录下了这个瞬间。Greta was a dental assistant on break. George, a first class sailor in the Navy, was on a date with another woman when he heard the news at Radio City Music Hall.当时格丽塔是正在休假的牙医助手。乔治则是海军一等兵。当他在和女友约会,从城市广播里听到了日本投降的消息。He and his date then went to a nearby bar, celebrating that he wouldn#39;t have to return to combat.听到这个好消息,他和当时约会的女友走进附近的酒吧,庆祝他也许再也不会回战场厮杀了。;The excitement of the war being over, plus I had a few drinks,; George explains. ; ... So when I saw the nurse, I grabbed her, and I kissed her.;“战争结束了,我实在太高兴了,再加上我喝了点酒,” 乔治解释说,“所以一看到那名护士,我就抱住了她,吻了下去。”His date, Rita Petrie, can be seen in the background, smiling from ear-to-ear. She says, ;Either I was dopey or something, but it didn#39;t bother me!; Rita said with a laugh about George kissing another woman the first week they were dating. It must not have: She#39;s been married to George for the last 66 years.“胜利之吻”的照片中还能看到他当时的约会对象丽塔·皮特里在背景中咧嘴而笑。她表示:“我可能是太迟钝了,不过我不介意这个吻!” 聊起乔治在他们约会的第一周就当着她的面拥吻别的女人,丽塔边笑边说。值得一提的是,丽塔嫁给了乔治,他们在一起66年了。Greta says she#39;s ;sure; he saw the photo when it was published in Life magazine, and ;of course,; she recognized herself. ;You don#39;t forget this guy grabbing you!; she remarked.格丽塔则说,当生活杂志把照片刊登出来的时候乔治肯定看到了。当然她也在照片中认出了自己。“我永远忘不了抱住我的那个帅哥!”People write George all the time now, asking for autographs, and offering words of encouragement. He described a recent letter, saying the writer ;states something like, #39;It must be something great to be involved in a photo that means the end of World War II.#39; Well, I#39;m proud of that.; As is a nation that#39;s still mesmerized by his timeless kiss.很多人至今还在给乔治写信,索要签名并致以赞美之词。有封信这么写:“能够成为象征战争结束的照片中的一部分太了不起了!” 乔治说:“是的,我也为此感到自豪。” 至今他经久不衰的“胜利之吻”仍令万众着迷。 /201208/195231。

Smokers are about to get help kicking the tobacco habit: an interactive computer game that aims to "coach" cigarette users away from their addiction.Based on the successful "Allen Carr's Easyway to Stop Smoking" method which reportedly has helped more than 10 million smokers to stub out their cigarettes once and for all, the game, designed for Nintendo DS, will be developed by the Quebec bureau of California-headquartered Ubisoft.In the smoking cessation game, players enter a brief personal smoking history and their tobacco habits and choose a personal coach to guide them through the process of quitting, according to a press release issued by Ubisoft.Fifteen mini-games help to "dispel the illusions about nicotine addiction" and players can track their progress in kicking the habit using the "Path to Freedom" meter."And even after that last cigarette butt has sullied the ashtray, you can still play the game and measure the daily benefits you get from your new life without cigarettes," Ubisoft promises."The player experiences a truly interactive engagement with the game, through which he or she learns that it can actually be enjoyable to quit smoking," said Christian Salomon, vice president of worldwide licensing at Ubisoft. /200812/58754。

近日某日本网站做了一次小调查,罗列出了日本男生最讨厌的9种女生嗜好,让我们一起来看看都有哪些会惹毛日本的哥们儿们呢? 1. She loves Korean dramas so much she makes regular trips to Korea  “I'd wonder if she sees anything good in Japanese men!” – man in his twenties  1. 她热衷看韩剧,并且定期去韩国旅行。  男生说:“咱日本爷们有啥不好的她就看不到呀!”  2. She collects bishonen or bishoujo anime figures  “It'd be pretty freaky if she had those figures in her room” – man in his twenties  2. 她收集美少女动漫人物。  男生说:“要是她把那些个东西都摆自己房里还真有点恐怖的说……”  3. She loves ing “boys love” homosexual male romance novels and manga  “I'd be frightened of her imagining me in those kind of BL situations…” – teenage man  3. 她爱读BL小说和漫画。  男生说:“一想到她可能把我也想进那些BL情结里我就……”  4. She's glued to her PC playing online games  “I have the impression these kinds of people spend all their holidays cooped up in their dirty little rooms” – man in his twenties  4. 她和自己的在线游戏“合体”了  男生说:“我能想象那种人,他们一到节假日就把自己关在他们邋遢的小房间里。”  5. She's makes a hobby of constantly observing other people in public  “I'd be a bit doubtful of a girl who made a hobby of watching other people” – man in his twenties  5. 在公共场所盯着陌生人看是她的嗜好  男生说:“对那些在公共场所盯着别人看的女生嘛……我持保留意见。”  6. She's an idol or visual-kei groupie  “If a girl I liked was into idols, I'd feel insecure as there is no way I could match up” – teenage man  6. 她是偶像明星或视觉系明星的追星族  男生说:“如果她是狂热粉丝,我会担心自己比不上她的偶像。”  7. She likes making engineering level modifications of cars and bikes  “That's just something men do, right?” – man in his twenties  7. 她喜欢捣腾机车或者自行车,而且是专业级别的。  男生说:“这不应该是男生爱做的事儿吗?”  8. She likes karate and boxing and other martial arts  “If she got angry she might beat you senseless!” – man in his thirties  8. 她喜欢空手道、拳击、或是其他武术运动  男生说:“她要是一发飙,打我还不跟打那啥似的……”  9. She's a gambler, into pachinko and horse racing  “It suggests a rather dubious economic outlook, and is not something you’d want your girlfriend to be doing” – man in his twenties  9. 她是个赌徒。沉迷柏青哥(弹球盘)和赌马。  男生说:“这些嗜好能看出她经济状况不怎么好吧,而且这也不是男生希望自己女友会做的事儿。”  不过以上这九条也不是所有男生都赞同,也有很多人留言持反对意见:  “Apart from gambling, who cares about any of this? No man is in a position to be picky about this stuff!”  除开最后爱那条,谁在乎其他这些啊?男人也没什么权利来挑剔女生这些事儿吧!  “All this only applies to the ugly ones...”  只要是漂亮子,以上统统无效  “It's a list of fujoshi-type stuff really, isn't it?”  这单子就是在说腐女嘛,是不是?  “Nothing about smokers? Do the list again.”  啥?怎么不提抽烟这事儿啊?重新列单子啦!  “Otaku girls are the best!”  御宅族女生才赞咧!  “Basically no men care about fujoshi hobbies at all.”  基本上男生都不会在乎腐女嗜好啦。 /201109/154214。