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襄樊人民医院几点开门健步健康

2019年09月16日 20:08:50 | 作者:新华分享 | 来源:新华社
The History of Marriage婚姻的历史There have been many different things written and said about marriage from the sweetly inspirational to the hilariously cynical. But what many of them have in common is that they sound like they express a universal and timeless truth when, in fact, nearly everything about marriage, from its main purpose to the kinds of relationships it covers, to the rights and responsibilities involved, has varied greatly between different eras, cultures, and social classes.有许多有关婚姻记载或口述下来的不同事物,从甜蜜鼓舞人心的、到幽默挖苦的都有。但它们其中许多共通的事,是它们听起来都像它们传达了一个众所周知且不朽的真理,当实际上,几乎关于婚姻的一切,从它的主要目的到它涵盖的各种婚姻关系、到其中牵涉的权力和责任,都已在不同世代、文化、及社会阶级之间产生了巨大的变化。So, lets take a quick look at the evolution of marriage.所以来迅速看一下婚姻的演进。Pair bonding and raising children is as old as humanity itself. With the rise of sedentary agricultural societies about 10,000 years ago, marriage was also a way of securing rights to land and property by designating children born under certain circumstances as rightful heirs.配对结合和养育孩子就如同人类本身一样古老。随着大约一万年前定栖农业社会的崛起,婚姻同样也是一种透过指定在特定情况下出生的孩子作为合法继承人,来保障土地和财产权的方式。As these societies became larger and more complex, marriage became not just a matter between individuals and families, but also an official institution governed by religious and civil authorities. And it was aly well-established by 2100 B.C. when the earliest surviving written laws in the Mesopotamian Code of Ur-Nammu provided many specifics governing marriage from punishments for adultery to the legal status of children born to slaves.当这些社会变得更大且更复杂时,婚姻变得不只是个人和家庭间的事务,也是由宗教和民政当局所管理的一种法定制度。其在西元前两千一百年就已经确立,当时在美索不达米亚的乌尔纳姆法典中留存最早的书面法律条文提供了许多管理婚姻的细节,从通奸的惩罚、到生为奴隶的孩子其法律定位。Many ancient civilizations allowed some form of multiple simultaneous marriage. And even today, less than a quarter of the worlds hundreds of different cultures prohibit it. But just because something was allowed doesnt mean it was always possible.许多古老文明允许某种形式的多重同时婚姻。甚至到今日,世界上数百个不同的文化中有不到四分之一禁止此形式。但仅仅因为某件事被允许,不代表它总是可行的。Demographic realities as well as the link between marriage and wealth meant that even though rulers and elites in Ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Israel had multiple concubines or wives, most commoners could only afford one or two, tending towards monogamy in practice. In other places, the tables were turned, and a woman could have multiple husbands as in the Himalayan Mountains, where all brothers in a family marrying the same woman kept the small amount of fertile land from being constantly divided into new households.人口统计的现实以及婚姻和财富之间的连结,代表了即使古美索不达米亚、埃及、和以色列的统治者和精英们有多位妻妾,大部分平民还是只能负担一或两位,实际上趋向一夫一妻制。在其他地方,情况扭转了,像在喜玛拉雅山脉的女人可以拥有多位丈夫,在那儿家中所有兄弟娶同一位女子,避免少量的肥沃土地被持续分给新的家户。Marriages could vary not only in the number of people they involved but the types of people as well. Although the names and laws for such arrangements may have differed, publicly recognized same-sex unions have popped up in various civilizations throughout history. Mesopotamian prayers included blessings for such couples, while Native American Two-Spirit individuals had relationships with both sexes.婚姻不只能随着其中牵涉的人数变化,还能随着人们的身分类型变化。虽然这种安排的名称和法律可能会有所不同,但纵观历史,公开受到认同的同性联盟在各种不同文明中已经出现。美索不达米亚的祈祷文包括了为这些情侣的祝福,而美国原住民“双灵人”可以和两种性别交往。The first instances of such arrangements actually being called ;Marriage; come from Rome, where the Emperors Nero and Elagabalus both married men in public ceremonies with the practice being explicitly banned in 342 A.D. But similar traditions survived well into the Christian era, such as Adelphopoiesis, or ;brother-making; in Orthodox churches, and even an actual marriage between two men recorded in 1061 at a small chapel in Spain.这样的安排确实被称作“婚姻”的第一个例子来自于罗马,在那儿尼禄和埃拉伽巴路斯皇帝两个都在公开的典礼上,以在西元342年时被明确禁止的习俗迎娶男性。但相似的传统进入公元也存活得很好,像是Adelphopoiesis(希腊文)、或是东正教中的“拜结兄弟”、甚至还有在1061年于西班牙一间小教堂记载的两位男性的真实婚姻。Nor was marriage even necessarily between two living people. Ghost marriages, where either the bride or groom were deceased, were conducted in China to continue family lineages or appease restless spirits. And some tribes in Sudan maintain similar practices.婚姻甚至也不一定要在两个活人间进行。冥婚,也就是新娘或新郎其中一人过世的情况,在中国进行,以能延续家族香火或安抚不安宁的魂魄。苏丹的某些部落也维持类似的习俗。Despite all these differences, a lot of marriages throughout history did have one thing in common. With crucial matters like property and reproduction at stake, they were way too important to depend on young love. Especially among the upper classes, matches were often made by families or rulers. But even for commoners, who had some degree of choice, the main concern was practicality.不论所有这些不同之处,纵观历史许多婚姻的确有一件共通的事。有像是财产还有传宗接代危机的重要问题,婚姻太过重要了,以致于无法只倚赖不成熟的爱情。特别是在上流阶层中,婚姻通常是由家族或统治者配对的。但即使对平民来说--他们拥有某种程度的选择--主要的担忧还是现实。The modern idea of marriage as being mainly about love and companionship only emerged in the last couple of centuries. With industrialization, urbanization, and the growth of the middle class, more people became independent from large extended families and were able to support a new household on their own. Encouraged by new ideas from the Enlightenment, people began to focus on individual happiness and pursuits, rather than familial duty or wealth and status, at least some of the time.对于婚姻主要关乎于爱情和陪伴的现代概念,仅仅在过去几个世纪中浮现。随着工业化、都市化、还有中产阶级的发展,越来越多人从大家庭中独立,并能够自行供养一个新的家庭。受到启蒙时代全新思想的鼓励,人们开始着重在个人的幸福和追求,而不是家庭责任或是财富和地位,至少在某些时候是这样。And this focus on individual happiness soon led to other transformations, such as easing restrictions on divorce and more people marrying at a later age. So, as we continue to debate the role and definition of marriage in the modern world, it might help to keep in mind that marriage has always been shaped by society, and as a societys structure, values and goals change over time, its ideas of marriage will continue to change along with them.而这种对于个人幸福的重视很快的导致其他转变,像是放宽离婚的限制,还有越来越多人晚婚。所以,当我们持续在现代世界争论婚姻的角色和定义,记住婚姻一直以来都是由社会所形塑的可能会有所帮助,而当社会的结构、价值观、和目标随着时间改变,婚姻的概念也将会持续跟着它们改变。201411/344883A hot pot restaurant in Chengdu that hosted visiting British Prime Minister David Cameron is now offering an 888 yuan Cameron Combo, which includes all the dishes Cameron ordered for dinner during his recent visit to the city.接待来访英国首相—卡梅隆的这家成都火锅店现推出888元卡梅隆套餐,该套餐包含卡梅隆此次成都行所食用的所有菜品。The Cameron Combo comes with the ;two-flavored; hotpot soup, several vegetarian dishes as well as cilantro-mixed meatballs which seem to be the prime ministers favourite. The restaurant has received many bookings for the room where the PM dined, and the restaurant owner named the room ;Cameron; after the PMs visit.卡梅隆套餐包括鸳鸯锅底,几种蔬菜拼盘以及卡梅隆首相的最爱——香菜肉丸。该家火锅店老板在卡梅隆成都行之后就将其所用餐的房间命名为“卡梅隆”房间,而目前该火锅店已经接收到许多客人对该房间的预定。The waitress, who served Cameron, has also become popular. In order to get her to wait on your table, an extra 1,000 yuan will be put on your bill.那位曾经为梅隆用餐务的务员也因此而出名。想要让她在桌旁为您用餐务,您将需要额外付1000元人民币的务费。201312/267744When it comes to love, Capricorns are not easily won over.在爱情方面,羯座并不容易被征。但是可以看看下面的建议。You Will Need你需要Patience耐心An interest in family对家庭的兴趣Loyalty忠诚Steps步骤STEP 1 Be patient1.耐心Be patient. Capricorns proceed cautiously when it comes to sex and love because they are looking for The One, not just a good time.有耐心。羯座在性和爱方面进展得非常谨慎,因为他们想要找到正确的人,而不是图一时之快。STEP 2 Show your compassionate side2.表现出有同情心的一面Show your compassionate side to a Capricorn by making a donation to their favorite charity as an addition to a traditional gift. (Trust us, they will have a pet charity.)向羯座表现出有同情心的一面,向他们最喜欢的慈善机构捐款,作为传统礼物之外附加的礼物。(相信我,他们会有自己钟爱的慈善机构。)STEP 3 Suck up to their family3.奉承他们的亲戚Suck up to their relatives – invite the folks over for dinner, be kind to the kooky sibling, spoil the nieces or nephews. Family is important to Capricorns.奉承他们的亲戚——邀请他们共进晚餐,善待他们古怪的兄弟,宠爱他们的侄子或侄女。家人对羯座来说非常重要。Keep your place clean. Capricorns are tidy people.保持你的住所整洁。羯座喜欢整洁的人。STEP 4 Work late occasionally4.偶尔加班Work late occasionally. Though family-oriented, Capricorns are also career-driven and like to see ambition in a potential mate.偶尔加班。尽管他们比较注重家庭,羯座也非常热爱事业,喜欢看到未来的伴侣有事业心。STEP 5 Don’t order the cheapest wine5.不要点最便宜的葡萄酒Never order the cheapest wine, or even the second cheapest, on a . Capricorns are not spendthrifts, but when they do treat themselves, they like the best.永远不要点菜单上最便宜的葡萄酒,甚至第二便宜的。羯座并不是挥霍无度的人,但是在招待自己方面,他们喜欢最好的。STEP 6 Be persistent6.持之以恒Be persistent. Capricorns need to be sure that you’re in for the long haul before they’ll consider committing to you.坚持不懈。羯座在对你倾心之前需要确定你能够持之以恒。Famous Capricorns include Tiger Woods, Howard Stern, J.R.R. Tolkien, and Howard Hughes. And former WWF superstar, Hacksaw Jim Duggan.羯座的名人包括老虎·伍兹,J·R·R·托尔金,霍华德·休斯。还有前世界摔角联盟超级明星“钢锯”吉姆·杜根。201411/341221

在美国,管理监狱的机构通常被称为“惩教署”。然而,他们的焦点是在容纳和控制犯人。丹·帕卓奇,华盛顿州惩教署副秘书长,分享一个不同的观点:监狱在提供人道主义生活条件的同时,也应该提供有意义的工作和学习机会。201501/350463

Postnatal Depression: Blood Test Breakthrough A screening test costing as little as 10 could allow potential sufferers to receive treatment before they give birth. 大约有七分之一的新生儿母亲患有抑郁,这严重的影响了她们和她们的孩子。在极端病例里妈妈甚至会杀死她们自己的孩子。英国科学家最近发明了一个十英镑的检查,这能预测产后抑郁,这允许女性早期针对性治疗防止产后抑郁发生。这将给期妇女的卫生保健带来革命性的改变。这个世界首创的检查将在五年内普及到全世界。在怀早期,只需要抽几滴血就能检测出她们的基因是否有患产后抑郁风险的缺陷。They are close now. but it has taken the best part of three years for Rachael to recover from postnatal depression. That was so severe. It might be ended in tragedy. She wanted little to do with Anders when he was born. The smile was for the camera; inside she felt useless among and that the sense of hopeless grew, she considered suicide or even harming her son. At moment he was crying, I think I tried every tick box. But you can possibly think about feeding, winding, changing its nappy. I just, because he wouldn’t be quiet. I just end to get thirst if wet for smathedon, at least he would be quiet. And I’ll be up sold myself out. The answers could lie in the genes. In the world first researches of identifying key genetic changes that make postnatal depression between three and five times more likely. The scientist developed the simple blood test that can be done in early pregnancy. That identifies women’s risk, so they can be given psychological support before their baby is even born. It’s similar for us because we’re clear this evidence that if you again identify women on this early, you could be able to do early or to do its misers early in order to prevent or stop the process of the diseases. One in seven women suffers postnatal depression to some degree. The research university hospital Coventry suggests that genetic changes little hormones disruption that leaves women vulnerable to stress and anxiety and finally depression. Research is now hoping to refine the test still further. Ultimately the hope to use robots like this to squeeze all pregnant women for little as 10 pounds a time, and the test would be y within five years. Rachael said this test could help other mom suffered like she did support her family and health visitor eventually lifted her mood now feeling stronger, she run the Panda charity to help other affected women and thinking about having another baby. The thought is pretty ultimate I can get through again. But I know now where I can get that support from, so I know if I do have this child I can speak to people about. And I think that make things a lot better.The old days can also be a struggle for Rachael. But her son Andres couldn’t be stronger. /201307/246881

People always ask me how to get clear skin. I bet you never thought about it before, but diet for clear skin is really my secret weapon. Kale, spinach, cucumber; all of those kinds of things are really great for your skin. Not only do they assist in digestion, they really detoxify your body. If youre having trouble with breakouts, thats the first thing Im going to tell you to do. Either drink a green juice every day, or have greens with every meal. Green juices are great because they assimilate into the body so much faster. Youre going to see that your skin is more hydrated. Youre going to breakout less. Your skin is going to really transform from being dull and lifeless to being really clean, clear, and glowing all day long. You want to make sure that whatever youre eating, its nice and clean. Ideally organic, nothing processed. If youre having breakout problems, that just tells me youre having digestive problems. Were going to start with diet first. I hope that helps with your diet and I hope you get clear skin as a result.人们总是问我怎样获得晶莹剔透的肌肤。我猜你以前从未想过,但是用饮食来获得清洁的肌肤是我的秘密武器。羽衣甘蓝,菠菜,黄瓜,所有这些蔬菜对皮肤都非常好。这些蔬菜不仅帮助消化,还可以为身体解毒。如果你为痘痘而烦恼,这是我优先推荐的食品。每天喝一杯绿色果汁,或者每餐食用绿色蔬菜。绿色果汁对皮肤很好,因为更容易被身体消化吸收。你会看到你的皮肤更加湿润,痘痘和痤疮会更少。你的皮肤很快就会从干枯暗哑变得清洁,透明,整天都焕发光。你想要确认无论自己吃什么,你的皮肤都漂亮而清洁。最好食用有机食品,拒绝加工食品。如果你的皮肤不好,这只会告诉我你的消化系统有问题。我们首先就要从饮食开始。我希望你可以改变饮食,从而拥有清洁透明的皮肤。201408/317094

天后Beyonce出马,魅力无限。看看什么是真正的绝配无暇吧。以下是双语文本:Theres a unique story behind my skin.我的皮肤背后有个特殊的故事。So my only makeup? True Match.所以我唯一的化妆品是什么?就是绝配无暇。With 33 shades, loreals technology matches your skins tone and undertone.拥有33种颜色,欧莱雅的技术完全匹配你的肤色和深层肌肤。Theres only one True Match for me.True Match from loreal.对于我来说只有一种绝配无暇——就是来欧莱雅的绝配无暇。201406/302999

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