顺德区伦教医院新地址120大全

来源:搜狐娱乐
原标题: 顺德区伦教医院新地址龙马专家
1. Soap is Bad for Your Skin. 误区一:香皂对皮肤有害。Traditionally, soap was a mix of animal fats and fruit or vegetable oils. This combination has a higb PH and is drying to skin, particularly to aging skin. These days, however, soaps are formulated with synthetic elements that are milder than traditional soap, and therefore suitable to cleanse skin. Most soaps have emollients(moisturisers) added, so they are beneficial for the skin. If you prefer the feeling cleansing with soap provides, don't let those purveyors of fine skincare bully you--there's nothing wrong with using soap.传统上,香皂是动物脂肪和水果油或植物油的混合体。这种化合物的PH值很大,会令皮肤,尤其是老化皮肤,变得干燥。如今,香皂的配方中加入了较传统香皂更为温和的人工合成成分,因而适合清洁皮肤。大多数香皂都添加了润肤剂(润肤霜),所以对肌肤有益。如果你更喜欢用香皂洁肤的那种感觉,就不要让那些高档护肤品经销商们把你给喊住了——使用香皂一点儿问题都没有。 /201001/95584Scientists say they have discovered the world's smallest known fish in threatened(1) swampland(2) in Indonesia.The fish, a member of the carp(3) family, has a translucent(4) body and a head unprotected by a skeleton(5).Mature females grow to less than a third of an inch long. The males have enlarged pelvic fins(6) and muscles that may be used in reproduction, researchers wrote in a report published Wednesday by the Royal Society in London."This is one of the strangest fish that I've seen in my whole career,' said Ralf Britz, a zoologist(7) at the Natural History Museum in London. "It's tiny, it lives in acid(8) and it has these bizarre(9) fins. I hope we'll have time to find out more about them before their habitat(10) disappears completely."The fish are found in an acidic(11) peat(12) swamp on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Indonesian peat swamps are under threat from fires lit by plantation owners and farmers as well as unchecked(13) development and farming. Researchers say several populations(14) of the tiny fish have aly been lost.The previous record for world's smallest fish, according to the Natural History Museum, was held by a species of Indo-Pacific goby(15) one-tenth of a millimeter(16) longer.According to researchers, the little fish live in dark, tea-colored water at least 100 times more acidic than rainwater. Such acidic swamps was once thought to harbor few animals, but recent research has revealed that they are highly diverse and home to many unique species. 科学家称他们在印度尼西亚濒临消失的沼泽中发现了世界上最小的鱼。这种鱼属于鲤科,通体透明,头部几乎没有头骨保护。周三,伦敦皇家协会发表报告说,成年雌鱼体长不足三分之一英寸,雄性的腹鳍和腹肌比较大,可能用于求偶繁殖。伦敦自然历史物馆的动物学家拉夫·布利兹说:“这是我从事动物学研究以来见过的最奇特的鱼之一。它们很小,生活在酸性水域中,还有这样奇特的鳍。我希望在它们赖以生存的环境还没有完全消失之前,可以对它们了解得更多。”科学家们在印尼苏门答腊岛的一个煤炭沼泽中发现了这种鱼。印尼煤炭沼泽在农场主和农民大肆焚烧和无限制开发、农田开垦的威胁下,面临消失的危险。研究人员说这种小鱼的部分种群已经灭亡了。自然历史物馆说之前世界上最小的鱼是印度太平洋虾虎鱼的一种,体长十分之一毫米。研究人员说这种小鱼生活在黑暗、茶色的水中,水的酸性比雨水强至少100倍。 此种酸性沼泽曾经被认为是极少数生物的栖息地,但是最近的研究表明它们育着各种独一无二的珍奇物种。 /200804/37119Eat your carrots. And have some leftover pumpkin pie. 吃些胡萝卜吧,感恩节剩下的南瓜派也拿出来吃点吧。People with high blood levels of alpha-carotene — an antioxidant found in orange fruits and vegetables like carrots, winter squash, oranges and tangerines — live longer and are less likely to die of heart disease and cancer than people who have little or none of it in their bloodstream, a new study reports. 一项新的研究发现,血液中α-胡萝卜素含量高的人比那些不含或含量低的人寿命更长,死于心脏病或癌症的几率也更低。α-胡萝卜素是一种抗氧化剂,富含于橙色的蔬菜瓜果中,比如,葫萝卜、栗南瓜、橙子和柑橘类等。The study does not prove a cause-and-effect relationship, only an association; in the past, rigorous clinical trials of such correlations have often had disappointing results. 这项研究未实两者之间的因果关系,只是说明两者有联系。以前曾有研究人员做过数次严密的临床试验来明两者内在联系,但结果往往不如人意。Still, the study’s results are intriguing. Researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analyzed alpha-carotene levels in blood samples from more than 15,000 adults who participated in a follow-up study of the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, known as Nhanes, from 1988 to 1994. 不过,这项研究发现还是令人振奋的。研究中,疾病预防控制中心的研究人员分析了一万五千多名参与第三次全国健康与营养调查(1988-1994)跟踪调查的成年人的血样中α-胡萝卜素含量。 /201011/119537

对胖子好一点,因为有一天他们可能会救你的命。

The age old dilemma about what brides should do with their wedding dress once their honeymoon is over appears to have been solved by scientists.British researchers have developed an environmentally friendly garment that can simply be dissolved in water after being worn.Fashion and engineering students at Sheffield Hallam University developed the wedding dress, which can be transformed into five new fashion pieces.The dress has polyvinyl alcohol, a biodegradable substance that is used in laundry bags and washing detergents, knitted into the fabric. This enables it to be dissolved into water without harming the environment.Their creation is to be featured in an forthcoming exhibition, titled, a sustainable marriage, which will be shown at the university later this month.But the payoff for the bride wearing this dress would be that they would need to wear an umbrella to their nuptials if rain was likely to spoil their big day. The design might not be to everyone’s fancy either."The students wanted to challenge the notion that a wedding dress should only be used once and aimed to explore modern society's attitudes towards throwaway fashion,” said Jane Blohm, a fashion lecturer.“The project is a union between art and technology which explores the possibilities of using alternative materials for our clothing.“The wedding gown is perhaps one of the most symbolic garments in (a woman's) wardrobe and represents the challenges of ‘throwaway fashion’."She added: “In order to reduce fashion's impact on the environment, the fashion industry must begin to challenge conventional attitudes and practices.”A survey in 2008 found the average cost of a wedding was now more than pound;20,000, compared with pound;14,643 five years ago.The average price of a wedding dress alone was pound;997. /201005/103572每次看美国队比赛,总有美女啦啦队在一旁呐喊助威,风头直逼场上比赛的队员。那么你知道美国啦啦队是怎么来的吗? Just as any anything else, cheerleading has quite a history behind it. In ancient times spectators cheered for runners in races held during the first ever Olympic Games in ancient Greece. In the 1860's students in Great Britain began cheering at competitive sporting events and soon the idea sp to the ed States. At Princeton in New Jersey, in 1865 the first pep club was formed and they created the first-known cheer: 和其他任何事物一样,啦啦队的背后也颇有一段历史。在古希腊第一次奥林匹克运动会所举办的赛跑比赛中,古时的观众们就曾为赛跑者欢呼喝。到了19世纪60年代,大不列颠帝国的学子们开始在竞技体育赛事中欢呼助威,随后不久这一形式就传到了美国。1865年,在新泽西州的普林斯顿大学,第一个(旨在创造体育比赛刺激气氛的)活力俱乐部诞生了,他们发明了已知最早的欢呼口号: "Tah rah rah Tiger Tiger Tiger Sis sis sis Boom boom boom Aaaahhhhh! Princton! Princeton! Princeton!" /200911/89853

North CarolinaIt’s against the law to sing off-key.唱歌走音是非法的(大家都别唱了╮(╯▽╰)╭)ArizonaCutting down a cactus may earn you a twenty-five-year prison term.砍下一棵仙人球可让你坐25年牢 (史上最贵仙人球?)Arkansas It’s illegal to mispronounce the name of the state of Arkansas.把阿肯色州的名字念错是犯法的。。。(我曾经念错过,幸好不是在阿州的地盘上)CaliforniaYou may not eat an orange in your bathtub.不可以在澡盆里吃橘子ColoradoIt’s unlawful to lend your vacuum cleaner to your next-door neighbor (Denver).将你家的吸尘器借给隔壁邻居是非法的 (丹佛)ConnecticutA pickle cannot actually be a pickle unless it bounces.只有有弹性的腌菜才是腌菜(?)DelawareIt’s illegal to get married on a dare.因为受到挑战而结婚是非法的 (?)Washington, D.C.It’s against the law to post a public notice calling someone a coward for refusing to accept a challenge to duel.因某人拒绝接受一项决斗而在大庭广众下称呼某人是懦夫是违法的。GeorgiaIt’s illegal to change the clothes on a storefront mannequin unless you draw the shades first.给前店的人体模特儿换衣时必须有遮挡,否则违法。HawaiiAll residents may be fined for not owning a boat.没船就得挨罚? /201006/106174一年一度的情人节(Valentine's Day)又来到了,热恋的情侣们今年又打算给爱人带来怎样的惊喜呢?如果你还没有主意的话不妨看看下面这些温馨的建议吧!As a festival for love and romance, Valentine`s Day provides us with a splendid opportunity to spend some quality time with our truelove. Are you looking for some tips to romance your sweetheart on this Feb 14? You`ve come to the right place then. Here are some nice romantic ideas that you can use to build the romance in your relationship with good effect on your special someone.情人节来啦!这个充满爱意的浪漫节日是你与爱人共度美好时光的绝佳机会。还在寻找与心上人共度情人节的创意吗?那你算来对地方了。下面这些浪漫情人节攻略将为你与另一半的恋情加温。Create a LoveSpace开通“爱情空间”A splendid idea on Valentine`s Day is to open your heart to your sweet one and let know your feelings for her. An easy way to do this would be to create a "lovespace". If you are not aly registered to myspace, you can sign up for a free account and within minutes you`ll have a page dedicated to your sweetie. Keep it focused on romance with weekly love notes, romantic poems, and photos. You can even add a romantic love song that she loves very much in your `lovespace`. That way she will get to listen to her favorite song whenever she visits the page! If you both are private persons and don`t like to let the world know about your relationship, you can sure make the page private. That way you`ll also feel free to open your heart and write about your inner feelings without a care.情人节浪漫点子之一就是向爱人倾诉衷肠,让她了解你的内心世界。简单方法便是开通“爱情空间”。如果还没有注册成为MySpace会员,你可以申请一个免费账户,几分钟内就可以拥有一个为爱人量身定制的主页。通过每周发布恋爱笔记,写情诗,晒照片,让你的主页成为浪漫焦点。你甚至还可以在 “爱情空间”里添加她最喜欢的浪漫音乐,这样一来,她每次访问时,都能听到自己最爱的歌曲!如果你们都注重隐私,不想把恋人公之于众,那么也可以把页面设置成“仅自己可见”。这样你就可以敞开心扉,无拘无束地来写下内心感受了。Make a Video录制浪漫视频Another splendid idea is to make a short declaring your love for your honey. If you have a camera phone or a webcam at your disposal, you can easily make a and upload it online in sites like YouTube for free. You can then send a link via email to him/her to check out your valentine ! If you don`t prefer a public declaration of your love, you can keep it personal and have a private viewing of your with your sweetheart who`ll surely love the idea. 另一个浪漫创意就是录制一小段视频,向她大声说出你的爱。如果手头有数码相机或网络摄像头,你就可以轻松录制一段视频,并免费上传到YouTube等网站上。之后便可以将该链接通过电子邮件发送给他/她,来查看你制作的情人节短片。如果你不想公开示爱,也可以私下和爱人观看这段视频,他/她一定会爱死了这个点子。 /201102/125587Some of the country’s most famous investors, including Warren Buffett and John Bogle, have started to make the case that it’s time to dive back into the stock market.They are usually careful to add that they don’t know what stocks will do in the short term. Yet their basic message is clear enough: stocks are now cheap, irrational fears have been driving the market down lately, and people who buy today will be glad that they did.After a day like Tuesday, when the market rose 11 percent, it’s easy to see the merits of the argument.But there is another argument that deserves more attention than it has gotten so far. It’s the bearish argument that is based neither on fears that the country may be sliding into another depression nor on gut-level worries about the unknown. It is based on numbers and history, and it has at least as much claim on reason as the bullish argument does.It goes something like this: Stocks are truly cheap only relative to their values over the last 20 years, a period that will go down as one of the great bubbles in history. If you take a longer view, you see that the ratio of stock prices to corporate earnings is only slightly below its long-term average. And in past economic crises — during the 1930s and 1970s — stocks fell well below their long-run average before they turned around.To make matters worse, corporate earnings have now started to plunge, too. Assuming that they keep dropping, stocks would also need to fall to keep the price-earnings ratio at its current level.As stocks were soaring on Tuesday afternoon, I called James Melcher to hear a dose of fact-based bearishness. Mr. Melcher is president of Balestra Capital, a hedge fund in New York, who wrote an essay for his clients two years ago that predicted the broad outlines of the financial crisis (and then arranged Balestra’s portfolio accordingly). Like the bulls, he said that no one could know what the market would do in the short term. “But to think stocks are cheap now,” he added, “is not rational.”He went on: “In the last 20 years — and particularly in the last six or seven — you had the most massive creation of liquidity the world has ever known.” Consumers went ever deeper into debt, thanks to loose lending standards, and a shadow banking system, made up of hedge funds and investment banks, allowed Wall Street to do the same. All that debt lifted economic growth and stock returns.“It was a nice party,” Mr. Melcher said. “The problem is that all the bills are coming due at the same time.” He thinks stocks could easily fall an additional 20 percent and maybe 35 percent before hitting bottom.So who’s right — the bears or the bulls? The smartest people in both camps, like Mr. Melcher, Mr. Buffett and Mr. Bogle, have a healthy dose of humility about their own conclusions. And when you dig into their arguments, you find that they’re not quite as different as they first sound. But they are different, and it’s worth taking a minute to consider the numbers.There are any number of ways to measure the valuation of the stock market. Some examine prices relative to earnings, others are based on cash flow, a company’s underlying assets or the total value of the market. But they tell a pretty consistent story right now. Stocks, which were fabulously expensive for much of the 1990s and this decade, no longer are.My favorite measure is the one recommended by Benjamin Graham and David L. Dodd, in their classic 1934 textbook, “Security Analysis.” They urged investors to use a price-to-earnings ratio — stock prices divided by average annual corporate earnings — based on at least five years of earnings and, ideally, closer to 10. Corporate profits may rise or fall in any given year, but a share of stock is a claim on a company’s long-term earnings and should be evaluated as such.(Why not use a forecast of future earnings? Because they tend toward the fictional, as we’re now seeing once again.)The 10-year price-to-earnings ratio tells an incredibly consistent story over the last century. It has averaged about 16 over that time. There have been long periods when it stayed above 16 and even shot above 20, like the 1920s, 1960s and recent years. As recently as last October, when other measures suggested the market was reasonably valued, the Graham-Dodd version of the ratio was a disturbing 27. But periods in which the ratio has jumped above 20 have always been followed by steep declines and at least a decade of poor returns.By 1932, the ratio had fallen to 6. In 1982, it was only 7. Then, of course, the market began to self-correct in the other direction, and stocks took off.After Tuesday’s big rally, the ratio was just a shade below 16, or almost equal to its long-run average. This is a little difficult to swallow, I realize. Stocks are down 40 percent since last October, and every experience from the last 25 years suggests they now have to bounce back.But that’s precisely the problem. Since the 1980s, stocks have always bounced back from a loss, usually reaching a high in relatively short order. As a result, the market became enormously overvalued.As Robert Shiller, the economist who specializes in bubbles, points out, human beings tend to put too much weight on recent experiences. We think the market snapbacks of 1987 and the current decade are more meaningful and more predictive than the long slumps of the 1930s, 1940s and 1970s. Of course, anyone who made the same assumption in 1930 or 1975 — this just has to turn around soon — would have had to wait years and years until the investment paid off.Now, Mr. Buffett, Mr. Bogle and their fellow bulls know all this history, and they’re still bullish. (Though I’d be more bullish, too, if I could get the favorable terms that Mr. Buffett did. In exchange for his money and his good name, Goldman Sachs and General Electric each guaranteed him an annual return of at least 10 percent.)So on Tuesday afternoon, I also called Mr. Bogle, the legendary founder of the Vanguard Group, the investment firm whose low-cost index funds have made a lot for a lot of people.He, too, prefers the 10-year price-to-earnings ratio, he said, but he didn’t think that it necessarily had to fall to the same bargain-basement levels it reached in the 1930s and 1970s.You can certainly see why that would be the case. Investors are well aware that the market fell to irrationally low levels during past crises, and they may not allow it to become so cheap this time around.Mr. Bogle also thinks that corporate profits will rebound nicely within a couple of years and likes the fact that interest rates are low. Low rates have often — though not always — accompanied bull markets.But it was his last argument that I think is the main one for most investors to focus on. “I’m not looking for a great bull market,” he said. There are some reasons to be optimistic about stocks, he said, “and I also look at the alternative.”And, really, how attractive are the alternatives? Savings accounts and money market funds will struggle to keep pace with inflation. Bonds may, as well.Stocks, on the other hand, are paying an average dividend of about 3 percent, which is better than the interest on many savings accounts, and stocks are also almost certain to rise over the next couple of decades.If that is your time frame — decades, rather than months or years — this will probably turn out to be a perfectly good buying opportunity. In the shorter term, though, it’s a much tougher call, and it involves a lot more risk. 一些著名的投资家,包括沃伦.巴菲特,约翰.格,公开表示,现在是返回股票市场买股票的时候了.虽然他们一如往常,小心翼翼的声明,他们并不能预知股票的短期走势.然而,他们透露的基本信息是明确的:股票价格现在很便宜,非理性的恐惧导致了近期市场走低,那些现在买入股票的人必将在今后得意于他们的选择.本周二股市大涨11%,使上述观点轻易找到了论据.但另外一种观点较之以前更值得注意.这就是依然看空市场.观点不是简单建立在国家经济将滑向另一场衰退的恐惧的情感上,也不是源自于对未知的极度担忧.看空的观点同样建立在数据与历史的分析基础上,至少,它的论据并不比看多观点的少.看空者的部分看法如下:历史上看,一个巨大的经济泡沫的破裂后,需要经历20年的经济低迷期.以过去20年的数据看,股票价格确实比较便宜.但如果你在更长的历史周期上观察,你发现股价相对于公司赢利的比率只是略低于长期平均水平.回顾过去的经济危机----比如说发生于上世纪30年代和70年代的--- -那时的股价在反转前远远低于长期平均水平.情况更糟的是,公司赢利水平开始恶化,如果假设赢利持续减少,股价也必须降低以维持当前的市盈率数值.就在周二股市暴涨的时候,我致电James Melcher ,却听到了大堆有事实根据的看空理由.Melcher 先生是纽约的一家对冲基金,Balestra资本的主席,他曾经在2年前发文给他的客户,预测出金融危机可能情形(随后他又以此预测调整了Balestra的投资组合).如鼓励买股票的那些投资大家一样,他也认为没人能预测股市的短期走向.但他补充道:"现在认为股价很便宜是不明智的."James Melcher 说道:"在过去20年中----尤其是过去6,7年----我们面临流动性泛滥,消费者大量举债,宽松的借贷标准,体系中不良机制,避险基金与投资的兴起,使华尔街大大提高了负债杠杆.负债刺激了经济,提高了股票回报.""这是好的一面,"James Melcher 说,"问题在于所有的债务可能在同一时间到期."他认为股价很可能再跌20%,并且在见底前比现在下降35%.看多与看空,谁是对的? Melcher ,Bogle,还有巴菲特,都是业界中的智者,他们的结论都经过认真的分析.当你深入他们的讨论,你会发现他们之间的分析并无太多的不同.然而却提出相反的观点.这就需要我们花点时间来研究一下历史数据了.给股票估值有很多方法.有人用价格与盈利指标,有人用现金流折现,还有人考虑公司隐藏或低估的资产,或是公司市值.但现在使用那些方法只能如以前一样描述动人的故事.股价再不可能象上世纪九十年代与最近十年所经历的一样,不切实际的高高在上.我个人喜好的一个衡量指标是,本杰明.格雷翰姆和戴维.多德在他们经典的1934年出版的教材lt;lt;券分析gt;gt;里介绍的市盈率- ---股票价格除以过去5年的公司盈利平均值,计算的市盈率如果接近10,则是比较合理的.公司的利润水平在某些年份可能升也可能降,但股权是对公司长期盈利的分配要求,因此应该以平均的盈利水平来评估股价高低与否.(为什么不用预测的盈利数据计算市盈率?因为我们发现,那将可能导致数字的编造游戏)以10年为周期的市盈率难以置信的揭示了一个世纪来的股市长期走势.在上世纪,市盈率的平均值是16,但有很长一段时间数值超过了16,甚至短时间内还大于20,如在上世纪的20年代,60年代和最近几年.就在去年10月,其他指标还显示股市还处于合理估值状态,格雷翰姆--多德指标却达到了令人不安的 27.如果一段时间内,市盈率超过20,伴随而来的情况是股市急剧回调,同时,至少在以后的10年内,投资回报都很差.长期市盈率在1932年回落到6,1982年达到7,这之后,股市开始自我修正,股价反转拉升.就在本周二的暴涨后,市盈率率低于长期均值16.这有点难以相信.股市从去年10月算起,已经下跌了40%,25年以来的经验也提示应该发生反弹了.但问题在于.自1980年以来,股价经常在略微下跌后就开始反弹,短期下跌后又创下新高,于是,整个市场已经严重高估了.就如专门研究泡沫经济的经济学家罗伯特.席勒所言,人类更倾向于依据近期的经验来做决策.于是我们很容易预测股市就如1987年或最近的10年中发生的一样,很快就发生反弹,而不是类似二十世纪30,40,70年代经历漫长的低迷.当然,那些在1930年或1975年里认为股市即将转好的人,不得不等待很长的时间才让投资回本.巴菲特与格先生与其他唱多者都了解券历史,但是他们还是看好后市.(如果我有巴菲特那样的优惠的交易条件,我也许比他们更愿意唱多市场.在高盛与通用电器的交易中,为了获得资金与巴菲特个人良好的声誉,两家公司都承诺每年给巴菲特至少10%的回报.)于是我在周二下午电话询问富有传奇色的先锋集团的创始人格先生.先锋集团是一家投资公司,它掌管的低成本指数基金曾为很多人赚取大量财富.格先生说,他同样偏好于10年期的市盈率估值,但他不认为,指标要回到1930年或1970年的低值水平才开始购买股票.你肯定能理解为何有这样的结论.投资者都充分意识到在以前的金融危机中市场曾跌到非理性的低价水平,于是在这次危机中他们可能不会让类似的低价再次出现.格先生同时认为,企业盈利水平在今后几年中很快得到恢复,他还注意到当前的利率水平很低.低利率经常伴随着牛市的出现----尽管不一定每次都是如此.另外,要考虑其他的投资选择是否真正具有吸引力?储蓄,货币基金,以及债券,都必须要考虑抵消通涨的影响.而投资股票,平均能获得大约3%的股息率,超过了储蓄存款利率.而且就以后的几十年来说,股价的增长几乎是确定的.如果你的投资期限放长到十年几十年,而不是几个月或几年,那么,现在可能是极好的买入机会.然而就短期而言,现在选择买入,结果可能很糟糕,同时还面临更大的投资风险. /200811/55020

Women better at money matters than men: surveyWhen it comes to money, women really are more responsible than men, with an international survey finding that they're less likely to get into debt and strive harder to become financially independent.The global Reuters Synovate survey polled some 4,500 women in 12 countries about money matters. An equal number of men were also asked several questions related to finances.The survey showed that just over half respondents of both genders said women are more responsible with money than men, with the highest level of agreement found in Mexico, where 72 percent of people believed women were better at handling finances.And although more than 40 percent of women use part of their monthly income to pay off credit cards, some 70 percent of female respondents also said that having more than one credit card could lead to financial debt, revealing women's higher awareness."It's obviously not the card itself that causes anyone to use it. So the statement is really about control and temptation," said Claire Braverman, international market research firm Synovate's senior vice president of Financial Services in the ed States."The ability to spend more, that you don't have in the first place, can certainly lead to debt. It means people have to control themselves and their spouses," she added.More women believed in their financial ability than men, with 61 percent saying they were more responsible, while only 40 percent of men agreed.But nearly half the women surveyed also conceded that they were bigger spenders than their male counterparts, with nearly 60 percent of men agreeing.The survey was conducted in December in Australia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, France, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, the Netherlands, South Africa, Britain, and the ed States. /200903/63613Cheerleading traces its roots to the late 19th century, whencrowdsbegan to chant and yell to encourage their team. Credit for thefirstorganized cheer is often given to a University of Minnesotastudentnamed Johnny Campbell who got the Gopher faithful to shoutduring alosing effort in the 1898 season。  啦啦队的由来和发展要回溯到19世纪后期,那时候人们就开始有节奏的齐声为他们的球队喝、呐喊助威。第一次有可查的、组织以齐呼口号方式为球队加油的是明尼苏达大学学生约翰尼?坎贝尔,他在1898年的赛季中指挥大家为他们的球队助威鼓劲。  到了20世纪20年代女性开始介入   For the first few decades of its history, cheerleading was anall-male activity, but by the 1920's women joined as well. Nowadays,over 90% of America's cheerleading participants are female。  在啦啦队成立之初,队员通常由男生组成,到了20世纪20年代,女性开始介入。现在,美国有超过九成的啦啦队成员是女性。  In 1948, Lawrence "Herkie" Herkimer, a former Southern MethodistUniversity cheerleader formed the National Cheerleaders Association(NCA). Herkimer is credited with originating many of cheerleading'sfundamental moves。  1948年,劳伦斯-何其莫,外号"Herkie",成立了美国啦啦队协会(NCA)。何其莫被认为是啦啦队多项重大活动的创始人。 /201007/109715The Aries mothers are born active, and therefore it makes great sense to present them something like membership of gym or billiards club etc. You can also present her a gift certificate and a bunch of tiger lilies, which certainly match the energy and vibrancy of the Aries mothers.白羊座的母亲天生精力旺盛,送给她们诸如健身或台球会员卡会是不错的选择。如果送张礼券外加一束纯洁的卷丹(百合的一种),那就更配活力四射的白羊妈妈了。 /201105/134908

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