磐石中医院看男科京东指南

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International Women#39;s Day is an occasion marked by women#39;s groups around the world. This date is also commemorated at the ed Nations and is designated in many countries as a national holiday. When women on all continents, often divided by national boundaries and by ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic and political differences, come together to celebrate their Day, they can look back to a tradition that represents at least nine decades of struggle for equality, justice, peace and development.国际妇女节是一个被世界各地的女性团体所标记的节日。这天也在联合国被庆祝,且在许多国家作为一个全国性的节日被指定。当经常被国界、种族、语言、文化、经济和政治的差异区分的各大洲女性共同庆祝她们的日子时,她们可以回顾一个代表了至少九十年争取平等、公正、和平与发展的斗争的传统。International Women#39;s Day is the story of ordinary women as makers of history; it is rooted in the centuries-old struggle of women to participate in society on an equal footing with men.国际妇女节是普通女性作为历史创造者的故事,它植根于女性参与社会、要求获得与男性平等的地位的长久斗争。On this special day, we wish all the women happiness forever!在这特别的日子里,我们祝所有女性永远幸福!温馨短片《一个女人的一生》献给所有女性: /201303/228885

Being a social butterfly just might change your brain: In people with a large network of friends and excellent social skills, certain brain regions are bigger and better connected than in people with fewer friends, a new study finds.一项最新研究发现,成为一名“交际花”可能意味着改变你的大脑:比起朋友少的人,拥有庞大网友圈和杰出社交能力的人的特定大脑区域更大、联络更发达。The research, presented here Tuesday (Nov. 12) at the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, suggests a connection between social interactions and brain structure.11月12日,该研究在神经科学学会的年会上提出,表明社会互动与大脑构造之间的联系。;We#39;re interested in how your brain is able to allow you to navigate in complex social environments,; study researcher MaryAnn Noonan, a neuroscientist at Oxford University, in England, said at a news conference. Basically, ;how many friends can your brain handle?; Noonan said.“我们渴望知道你的大脑如何使你在复杂的社会环境中保持方向感,” 研究员努南在英国的记者招待会上说,她是一名牛津大学的神经学家。简言之,“你的大脑能 ‘招架’多少朋友?” 她说道。Scientists still don#39;t understand how the brain manages human behavior in increasingly complex social situations, or what parts of the brain are linked to deviant social behavior associated with conditions like autismand schizophrenia.科学家仍不清楚大脑是怎样在日趋复杂的社会环境下管理人类行为,或者说,大脑的哪个部分与异常社会行为有关联,比如孤独症和神经分裂症。Studies in macaque monkeys have shown that brain areas involved in face processing and in predicting the intentions of others are larger in animalsliving in large social groups than in ones living in smaller groups.对于猕猴的研究表明,生活在大型社会群体中的猕猴参与面部识别、揣测他人意图的大脑功能区较大。To investigate these brain differences in humans, Noonan and her colleagues at McGill University, in Canada, recruited 18 participants for a structural brain-imaging study. They asked people how many social interactions they had experienced in the past month, in order to determine the size of their social networks.为研究人类大脑的这些差异,努南和她在加拿大麦吉尔大学的同事招募了18名参与者展开了一项结构性脑成像研究。他们询问参与者在过去的一个月内参与了多少社交活动,以确定他们社交网络的大小。As was the case in monkeys, some brain areas were enlarged and better connectedin people with larger social networks. In humans, these areas were the temporal parietal junction, the anterior cingulate cortex and the rostral prefrontal cortex, which are part of a network involved in ;mentalization;—the ability to attribute mental states, thoughts and beliefs to another.与猴子实验结果相符,拥有较大社交圈的人们通常有更大的、联络更发达的大脑。对人类而言,这些区域是颞顶叶交界处、前扣带皮质和侧前额叶皮层,这是部分参与实现“心理化”的神经系统——即分配精神状态、思想和信仰的能力。;These different brain regions are all singing different songs,; Noonan said. ;Networked areas are all singing the same song, and when they#39;re connected better, they#39;re singing more harmoniously with each other.;“不同的大脑区域分工协作,” 努南说,“神经系统整体步调一致,并且当他们联络得更好时,这种协同合作更和谐。”The researchers also tested whether the size of a person#39;s social networkwas linked with changes in white-matter pathways, the nerve fibers that connect different brain regions.研究人员还测试了一个人的社交网络是否与白质通路的改变有关,也就是连接大脑不同区域的神经纤维。Again, they found that white-matter tracts were better connected in people with bigger social networks. ;The nerves were more like a Los Angeles freeway than a country road,; Noonan said.再一次,他们发现拥有更大社交圈子的人的白质纤维束联络更为发达。“这些神经就像是一条洛杉矶超速干道而不是乡间小路。” 努南说。The researchers couldn#39;t say whether social interaction caused these changes in brain structure and connectivity, or whether the brain determined how innately social someone was.研究人员还不能确认社会互动是否导致了大脑结构和连通性的改变,或者大脑是否决定了一个人与生俱来的社交能力的高低。In the case of the monkeys, the researchers dictated the size of the animals#39; social network, so they concluded that social-group size was causing the brain differences.在猴子的案例中,研究者记录了动物的社交网络规模,因此得出结论,社会群体的大小导致了大脑的差异。It can be inferred that a similar process takes place in human brains, but to prove this, long-term studies are needed, Noonan told LiveScience.由此推测,人类大脑也经过了类似的过程,但是这仍需长期研究来明,努南对“生活科学”网站说。The fact that some brain regions may be larger and more connected suggests other regions might be smaller in the brains of the more socially adept, Noonan said.她表示,社交达人特定大脑区域更大、联络更发达的事实还暗示了他们大脑的其他区域可能会更小。;If you#39;re spending a lot of time in social environments using social skills and your brain#39;s changing, maybe you#39;re not learning to juggle in your free time or becoming proficient at the piano,; she said. ;The brain is just changing and optimizing to reflect your needs, and if that is thriving within a complex social environment, that is what your brain is reflecting.;“如果你在社会环境中花很多时间交际,你的大脑就在改变,你可能不会了解平衡自己的空闲时间,或是精通钢琴,”她说,“大脑就是在优化改变以适应你的需要,如果你渴望复杂的社会环境,这恰恰就是你的大脑正在反映的。” /201311/266187Stuck in the #39;friend zone#39; with that special someone who you wish could see you in a more romantic light? Here#39;s a simple insight into getting that someone of your interest, interested.是不是跟那个自己希望能共度浪漫时光的人还处在“朋友阶段”?下面就教你如何让心仪的人对你来电。1. Be Patient. This individual who has been your friend, is not going to overnight fall magically in love with you with no matter what advances you make. Don#39;t assume because you#39;re good friends, she will believe you can be a good lover to her by just upfront telling her, you have to subtly reveal it to her. Remember you first have to stack the odds in your favour first before you can go for the kill.耐心。甭管你多么优秀,这个人既然是你的朋友,就不太可能突然莫名其妙爱上你。别想当然以为,既然你俩是朋友,只要你直接向她坦白她就愿意接受;相反,你应该潜移默化地让她明白你的心。为避免碰壁,还是先从对自己有利的小事做起吧。2. Carry on being a good friend. Don#39;t just stop all friendly things with her and become this new flirty guy. You#39;ll creep her out and lose her friendship.继续保持亲密的朋友关系。千万别光顾了要成为恋人而忘了要朋友,这样你不仅可能吓到她,还会损失友情。3. Be Bold. This is probably the reason why you got stuck in the friend zone in the first place. Let her know how amazing you think she is (but don#39;t overkill it), live in the moment, when you’re out compliment her on her physical features, for example ;You always look great, but tonight you#39;re figure in that dress...... simply flawless.;勇敢点。也许正是因为缺乏勇气,你俩才会从一开始就只是朋友关系。请告诉她你是多么欣赏她(但别夸大其辞),赞美此时此刻的她。比如当你俩在一起时,夸夸她的外貌,说:“你总是这么漂亮,今晚穿这身裙子简直无可挑剔哇!”4. Flirt more. Start flirting a little more. Learn the art of kino, touch her more, especially when flirting. But don#39;t just flirt with her, flirt with other women especially in her presence (don#39;t overkill though), let her see other women desire you, in doing this you are leveling the playing field, allow her to think you#39;re interested in other women, it displays confidence, she#39;ll respect you.讲点俏皮情话。多跟她调调情吧。你可以学电影里的样子,跟她俏皮嬉笑、拉手搭肩。但也别只跟她一个人调笑,也逗逗其他女人,尤其是当着她的面(别太过分就是),让她知道还有别的女人仰慕你;如此你掌控了这场爱情游戏,使她以为你也喜欢其他女人,其实你也还挺有魅力嘛。然后,她就会用心对你喽。5. Go for the kill. By now you are y to ask her out on a date. The best way to do this, ask her out at an event where you#39;re likely to be a very important figure in the room, for example, your birthday party. Take her outside or somewhere quiet, where the two of you can be alone, pull her in close, look her dead in the eye and say, ;Would you like to go out some time?; She#39;ll know its not on a friendship term.拿出行动。关系发展到这个阶段,你就可以跟她约会了。最好带她一起参加能让你显得比较重要的活动,比如你的生日派对。带她到外面或安静点的地方,就你和她,然后拉过她、看着她的眼睛,说:“愿不愿意什么一起出去玩玩?”她定能意会到友谊之外的情意。6. Get physical early. You need to get out that friend zone and the best way is to get intimate. When you go out hold her hand, put your arms around her and her body language, if she’s not pulling away she’s comfortable with you.亲密接触。若想跨越朋友阶段,最好的办法就是亲密接触。俩人约会的时候,牵着她的手,搂着她的腰,留意她的反应;要是她没推开你,说明她也喜欢与你这样亲密接触哦。7. If you#39;re close with her, hint that you like them or straight out tell them. Most of the time they will feel the same way, even if they don#39;t want to admit it because some people are afraid of losing a great friendship. But most of the time a great friendship is a great relationship. It#39;s just the transition between the two and the fear of losing the friendship that usually gets in the way.如果你跟她很亲密,直接暗示你喜欢她,要么干脆表白吧。有时候她或许跟你想的一样,只是担心表白了就做不成朋友才嘴上不承认而已。有时候友谊也能成就一段爱情,横隔在中间的只是俩人的姿态和对失去友情的担忧罢了。Tips贴士建议:Note that most relationships start out as friends.记住:很多恋人一开始也是从朋友做起的。Maybe suggest going out some time to see his/her reaction...或许你可以试着约他/她出去玩,看看反应如何……Just be casual and subtle, because if you all of a sudden change your behaviour you may freak them out, they like you for you so don#39;t be someone else.当然要做得随意自然,要是突然转变姿态,你可能会吓到他/她。他们喜欢你是因为你的个性,所以你不必刻意转变。Remember to actually talk to them, though even if they deny liking you they may be shy...actions speak louder than words so watch their body language.请实打实地向他/她敞开心扉,或许他/她会否认喜欢你,但也说不定是因为害羞呢……事实胜于雄辩,还是多留意留意他/她的反应吧。THE CLOCK TEST: If you feel like he or she#39;s been watching you, suddenly look at the clock then quickly look at him/her. If they#39;re looking at the clock then it#39;s because they were watching you and following your eyes is a natural reflex to a sudden change of movement.时钟测试:要是你感到他/她在看你,那就试试突然抬头看钟然后又转头看他/她。如果他/她也抬头看钟,说明他/她刚才确实在看你。要知道,跟着你的视线走是突然动作的最自然不过的反应了。Compliment him/her often. For things you actually like, the reasons why you like being his/her friend.多多地赞美他/她。实打实地告诉他/她你喜欢什么,告诉他/她你为什么喜欢跟他/她做朋友吧。 /201311/264934英国科学家周三(6月18日)宣布,雌性黑猩猩在交配时通常都会保持安静,否则闻声而来的雌猩猩会惩罚她们,因为她们抢走了最好的雄猩猩。 Female chimps(lt;非洲gt;黑猩猩) keep quiet during sex to keep other females from finding out and punishing them for mating with the best males, British researchers said on Wednesday.The study of chimp copulation(交配) calls also found that females seem more concerned with having sex with as many mates as possible rather than just finding the strongest male as a way to confuse paternity (父亲,父亲的身份)and secure future protection for offspring."They are trying to make the high-ranking males think they are the father," said Simon Townsend, an evolutionary psychologist at the University of St. Andrews in Britain, who led the study. "If you confuse paternity, they are more likely to provide that female with future support."The findings show that chimps -- our closest living relatives -- can use their calls flexibly in response to social factors while knowing more about the apes could help in conservation efforts, he added.Researchers have long been interested in mating calls of different animals, especially primates (灵长类). A common hypothesis is that females use such calls to advertise to prospective males they are y to mate, which in turn incites competition that leads to the strongest partner and highest quality offspring(后代).But it appears the female chimps are also a touch more savvy(了解)about the opposite sex, according to the findings published in the journal PLoS One."The female chimps we observed in the wild seemed to be much more concerned with having sex with many different males, without other females finding out about it, than causing males to fight over them," Townsend said.The team, which included researchers from the Max Planck Institute in Lepzig, took urine samples from females in a group of about 80 chimps under observation in the Budongo Forest in Uganda able to show when the animals were fertile.They also recorded the mating behavior and saw that the female chimps called out for sex partners for as many as 12 days during their reproductive cycle, even though they were only fertile for about 4 days of it.Yet they also only called out about a third of the time when mating, much less than other primates. Low-ranking females were also more likely to keep quiet during sex, probably to keep female competitors at bay, the researchers said. /200806/42589

Single women should ditch Facebook because the #39;perfect lives#39; of their friends are bad for their health, a relationship expert has warned.由于在社交网络上看到朋友的“完美生活”对单身女性的健康无益,恋爱心理专家建议单身女性远离社交网络。Author Zoe Strimpel says the social media site bombards singletons with pictures of #39;perfect#39; weddings and babies which causes envy and voyeurism.女作家佐伊说,社交媒体上“完美”的婚礼和宝宝照片对单身女性来说是一种信息轰炸,会引起单身女性产生嫉妒心理和偷窥癖。She said: #39;What [Facebook] does is it enhances the sense that your life is lacking and specifically, when you are single, you focus in on all those pictures of perfect weddings, perfect babies, perfect couples.她称,“Facebook这样的社交网络会使人感到自己的生活有所空缺,特别是对单身人士而言,社交网络会使单身人士过多关注那些完美的结婚照片、宝宝照片、情侣照片等等。”She urged single women to cut down or get rid of Facebook completely during a lecture at Cambridge’s Festival of Ideas.在剑桥大学的构想节期间佐伊进行了一场讲座,她建议单身女性减少登陆社交网络的次数,或者彻底摈弃掉此类网站。She said getting rid of your profile will help #39;limit that delicious but yucky feeling of voyeurism, slight envy, maybe even narcissism.#39;她说,对单身女性而言,摆脱掉她们在社交网络上的账号有助于她们“克制偷窥癖、轻度嫉妒、甚至自恋等等不良情绪。”Ms Strimpel, who wrote ‘Man Diet: One Woman’s Quest to End Bad Romance’, said the fairer sex also spends too much time monitoring potential suitors online.佐伊写过一本名为《爱情节食:如何中止孽缘》的书,她说,女性还往往在社交网络上花费大量的时间,去寻找潜在的恋爱对象。She said the y availability of biographical information on Facebook encourages women to over-analyse potential dates.脸书网上公开的个人资料信息会导致女性对有好感的男士产生过高的期待心理。#39;Thanks to Facebook you may know his mother’s name, the details of his last holiday, the names of his exes, who he is hanging around with.This is not healthy or helpful information, plus it gives the impression that these men are more in your life than they actually are, which is quite corrosive.There’s plenty of psychology that supports taking a break from social media.#39;“多亏了脸书网,你可以知道他母亲的名字,他上一个假期是怎么度过的,他前女友的名字,经常跟他聚在一起的朋友。但这些都是无益的信息,反而有害。许多心理学理论都明,单身女性应该避免社交网络。”Explaining the inspiration for her book, Ms Strimpel added: #39;I was 28 and I just had broken up with a boyfriend - Oh my God I’m single, I’d better act single.There was fun goodness and yucky badness. For some reason the badness was getting the upper hand.#39;佐伊谈到写这本书受到的启发时说,“我今年28岁,刚刚和男友分手——哦天呐,我现在单身了,我最好像一个单身女性那样生活。这种生活既有乐趣和益处,又有苦涩和害处。由于某种原因似乎害处更多一些。” /201311/264935Are manners dead? Cellphones and social networking may be killing off the old civilities and good graces, but a new generation of etiquette gurus is rising to make old-fashioned protocols relevant to a new generation.礼仪已死?尽管手机和社交网络可能正在扼杀传统礼节与优雅举止,但新一代的礼仪专家们正在致力于将似乎已经过时的礼仪变得与新一代人的生活息息相关。Their goal: to help young people navigate thorny, tech-age minefields, like invites on social networking sites and online dating, not to mention actual face-to-face contact with people.他们的目标是:帮助年轻人来规避科技时代中那些令人棘手的雷区,比如社交网站上的邀请以及在线交友,更不用说实际生活中人与人之间面对面的接触了。Perhaps the fastest growing area of social advice is what’s been termed “netiquette”. There are online tutorials on using emoticons in business e-mails, being discreet when posting on social networks and re-posting too many micro blog messages.或许在一系列社交指南中,风头正劲的就要属“网络礼仪”部分了。网上出现了很多有关公务邮件中表情符号的使用指导、社交网站发帖以及转发微的注意事项。Young people “are getting sick of the irony and rudeness that is so prevalent in their online lives”, said Jane Pratt, editor in chief of XoJane, a women’s lifestyle website. “The return of etiquette is in part a response to the harshness of the interactions they are having in the digital sphere.”“网络生活中充斥的毒舌与无礼令年轻人头疼不已,XoJane女性生活网站的主编简·普瑞特表示。“某种程度上,礼仪的回归是他们对那些令人反感的网络互动的回应。”“Nice is very cool right now,” she added.“如今,友好才是最酷的事情,”她补充道。The social quandaries seem to be endless. Are you obligated to respond to party invitations on Sina Weibo? Is it rude to listen to your iPod while sharing a ride with someone else?社交难题似乎没完没了。你有义务去回复新浪微上的聚会邀请吗?与人共乘一车时用iPod听歌是不是很没有礼貌?When Daniel Post Senning, the great great grandson of Emily Post, a well-known etiquette writer in the US, was working on the 18th edition of Emily Post’s Etiquette, he found it impossible to cover technology in a single chapter. Instead, he devoted an entire book to it, Emily Post’s Manners in a Digital World: Living Well Online.美国著名礼仪作家艾米莉·斯特 的玄孙丹尼尔·普斯特·森宁在编纂第18版的《西方礼仪集萃》时发现,科技方面很难用一章讲清楚。而他就这一点写出了《艾米莉·斯特的网络礼仪》这本书。The book tackles questions like whether one should announce a serious illness on a social networking site. (Yes, Senning said, but medical updates should be confined to close friends and family.)书中解答了诸如一个人是否应该在社交网站上发布身患重病的消息之类的问题。(森宁表示:是“可以”,但治疗状况应仅对家人和密友公开。)Even the gurus who position themselves as the embodiment of Old World civility feel obliged to tackle 21st-century conundrums.即使是那些古典礼仪专家们也感到自己有责任来解答21世纪的新难题。Charles MacPherson runs a school for butlers in Canada. In his new book The Butler Speaks, MacPherson talks about whether one may keep a cellphone on the table during a dinner party.查尔斯·麦克弗森在加拿大经营一所男管家学校。在他的新书《男管家的话》中,麦克弗森探讨了晚宴时是否应将手机放在桌上的问题。“It is never OK to leave your cellphone on the dinner table,” he said. “If you must go out and anticipate a call, first inform your hostess of the situation and keep your cellphone on vibrate and in your pocket or on your lap. In the event that it does ring, excuse yourself from the table — don’t explain why, just a simple ‘excuse me’ — and leave the dining room before taking the call.”“把手机放在餐桌上是大忌,”他说。“如果你不得不起身去接电话,那么首先一定要将情况告知主人,并且将手机调成振动放在包里或者腿上。如果手机响了,表示歉意然后起身离开——不用解释原因,只要说声‘不好意思’就好——然后走出餐厅再接电话。”Indeed, there is a retro allure to etiquette that appeals to 20-somethings, said Pam Krauss, a publisher of several etiquette books. “There’s a whole generation of young people for whom etiquette, much like cooking, sewing, and other ‘home arts’, was not passed down from their parents or grandparents the way it would have been in years past,” Krauss told The New York Times.的确,对于二十几岁的年轻人来说,礼仪有一种复古的魅力,曾发行过多本礼仪指导书的出版商帕姆·克劳斯表示。“对于整个年轻一代来说,礼仪就像厨艺、缝纫及其他的‘居家艺术’一样,并没能像在过去那样从父母或者祖父母身上传承下来。”克劳斯在接受《纽约时报》采访时说道。 /201305/242057

A beach town in the US state of New Jersey recently passed a ban on trousers, jeans or shorts that hang more than 3 inches (7.6 cm) below the hips, a hip-hop style that originated in US prisons. Anyone who breaks the rules, which apply on the town#39;s boardwalk, will be fined -100 (154-615 yuan) the first time, and 0 for a repeat offense.美国新泽西州的一个海滨小镇最近通过一项禁令,禁止人们在该镇穿着露臀3英寸(7.6厘米)以上的低腰裤、牛仔裤以及短裤。而这种嘻哈风格最早起源于美国监狱里。那些身着低腰裤在街上走来走去的初犯者将被处以25到100美元不等的罚款(约合人民币154—615元),再犯者将面临200美元的罚款。But those low-hanging pants aren#39;t the only fashion crime. Here are some other items of popular travel clothing that may also need to be banned.但是低腰裤并非唯一的时尚禁忌。下面来看看一些有关夏日旅行着装的时尚禁忌吧! /201308/253186By the time Gary Shor gets home from work at six, he has had breakfast and three lunches. Forty-five minutes later, he#39;ll eat dinner. Yet he weighs about 30 pounds less than back when he was eating only three meals a day.晚上六点钟下班回家时,加里·肖尔(Gary Shor)已经吃过了早餐和三顿午餐。45分钟后,他还要吃晚餐。但他的体重已比一天只吃三餐时减轻了30磅左右(约13.6公斤)。Mr. Shor belongs to a small but dedicated group who, heeding popular nutritional advice, has traded in the traditional breakfast-lunch-and-dinner lifestyle for a daylong stream of mini meals.当前有一些关注流行营养建议的人放弃了早中晚三餐的传统生活方式,改为全天少吃多餐,这些人为数不多,但热衷此道,肖尔就是其中一员。Every day Mr. Shor eats five or six pre-portioned combinations of lean protein, grain, vegetables and fruits, such as vegetable wraps, frittatas or grilled meat with salad. He tries to stay away from cookies and salty snacks, and relies on few store-prepared foods. He quells cravings with salads and may sweeten them with Splenda.肖尔每天吃由精益蛋白质、谷物、蔬菜和水果(比如蔬菜卷、意式煎蛋饼或烤肉配沙拉)组成的膳食,他将这些食物分成五到六餐食用。他尽量不吃饼干和含盐零食,商店预制食品也吃得很少。他通过吃沙拉来抑制食欲,有时会放些善品糖(Splenda)让沙拉吃起来甜一些。#39;I#39;m not really eating. I#39;m just grazing all day,#39; says Mr. Shor, 53 years old and a vice president at a Warren, N.J., financial planning firm. #39;I#39;m not having a candy bar. It#39;s a real meal.#39;53岁的肖尔在新泽西州沃伦(Warren)的一家财务规划公司担任副总裁。他说:“我不吃正餐,我只是整天一小点一小点地吃。我不吃巧克力棒,那相当于一顿真正的大餐。”Some fans think eating a little bit throughout the day will promote weight loss. Others want to battle hunger during long work hours or avoid sodium and additives found in many packaged foods.一些热衷此道的人认为少吃多餐有助于瘦身。还有一些人想通过少吃多餐减轻长时间工作时的饥饿感,或者避免摄入许多预包装食品中的钠和添加剂。Mr. Shor and his wife, Linda, began eating this way about five years ago, after watching a fitness infomercial on TV discussing the benefits of frequent small meals. Mr. Shor followed the fitness plan for a while but soon came up with his own version, where he doesn#39;t count calories but limits sodium and sugar. He says he lost 30 pounds and has kept it off ever since.肖尔和他的妻子琳达(Linda)是从大约五年前开始以这种方式进食的,当时他们在电视上看到一个有关瘦身的资讯型广告讨论少吃多餐的好处。肖尔跟着电视上的瘦身计划做了一段时间,但他没多久就有了自己的版本。他不计算卡路里,而只是限制钠和糖的摄入。他说,他的体重减轻了30磅(约13.6公斤),而且一直保持着这个体重。Popular weight-loss advice often promotes eating mini meals as a way to regulate appetite, increase the sense of satiety and even help keep metabolism revved up. Dietitians emphasize the importance of controlling calories.流行的瘦身建议通常主张将少吃多餐作为调节食欲,增加饱腹感乃至加快新陈代谢的方式。而营养师则强调控制卡路里的重要性。#39;When you#39;re eating constantly, it#39;s really easy to overdo it at each meal,#39; says Karen Ansel, a nutritionist based in Laurel Hollow, N.Y., and a spokeswoman for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Chicago. She recommends three meals plus a snack for her weight-loss clients.驻纽约州劳雷尔霍洛(Laurel Hollow)的营养师、芝加哥美国营养和饮食学会(Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics)发言人凯伦·安泽尔(Karen Ansel)说:“如果你一直不停嘴,真的很容易每餐都吃多。”安泽尔向计划瘦身的客户建议一天吃三餐,外加一次零食。Mini meals appear to be especially attractive to young adults and teens, including the group marketers call #39;millennials.#39; Phil Lempert, a food industry expert (and spokesman for ConAgra Foods Inc.) who lives in Santa Monica, Calif., says eating six mini meals appeals to the sense of adventure many young people discover when they leave home and try cooking and tasting new foods. #39;It#39;s almost like having a buffet in your home,#39; he says.少吃多餐似乎对年轻人和青少年(包括被营销人员称为“千禧一代”的群体)特别有吸引力。住在加州圣莫尼卡(Santa Monica)的食品行业专家(同时也是ConAgra Foods Inc.的发言人)菲尔·伦珀特(Phil Lempert)说,许多离开父母生活的年轻人尝试自己做饭和品尝新食物时会有一种探险的感觉,一天吃六小顿饭迎合了他们的这种心理。他说:“这很像在自己家里吃自助餐。”In the course of a recent day, Eli Penberthy, 30, who works in marketing for a Seattle organic grocery-store chain, feasted on yogurt parfait, a vegetable frittata, eggplant Parmesan, curry and rice, an apple with almond butter and salmon with quinoa and kale.30岁的伊莱·彭伯西(Eli Penberthy)在西雅图一家有机杂货连锁店做市场营销工作。最近,她一天的食谱包括酸奶冻糕、一个意式蔬菜煎蛋饼、帕尔玛干酪烤茄子、咖喱配米饭、苹果配杏仁酱,还有三文鱼配藜麦和甘蓝。She prepares and freezes most of her meals ahead of time and brings them to work. Eating a variety of foods prepared in a hot dish keeps her feeling full through the day, she says. #39;It#39;s a procession of eating throughout the day.#39;她会把大多数饭菜提前做好、冷藏起来,然后带到上班的地方。她说,吃各种食材做成的热食让她一整天都有饱腹感。她说:“我一天里会有序地进食。”Eating this way is labor-intensive. Mr. Shor says he will spend a couple of hours on a Sunday preparing chili or meatloaf, dividing it up and freezing it; sometimes, he#39;ll make enough for two weeks. It #39;took a little legs#39; to get used to the routine, Mr. Shor says, but it makes him feel healthy.这种吃法有些费事。肖尔说,星期天他会花几个小时准备辣肉酱或烘肉饼,把菜肴分成若干份然后冷藏起来;有时他会准备够吃两周的饭菜。肖尔说,习惯这一套程序“要费一点周折”,但这让他感觉很健康。Researchers say there is conflicting scientific evidence as to whether eating frequent small meals has any specific weight-loss benefits. A 2011 study published in the journal Obesity followed 50 people who were asked to exercise at least 200 minutes a week and to eat from 1,200 to 1,500 calories a day. They were divided into two groups, one eating three meals a day and the other eating six.研究人员称,少吃多餐究竟是否有助于瘦身还缺乏统一的科学依据。《肥胖研究》(Obesity) 2011年刊登的一项研究追踪了50名实验对象,研究者要求这些人一周至少锻炼200分钟,一天摄入1,200至1,500卡路里。实验对象被分为两组,一组一天吃三顿,另一组一天吃六顿。People in both groups lost similar amounts of weight. But the group eating six smaller meals reported feeling less hungry, says Hollie Raynor, associate professor at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville who conducted the research.这两组实验对象体重减少的数量相当。但进行此项研究的田纳西大学诺克斯维尔分校(University of Tennessee, Knoxville)助理教授哈莉·雷纳(Hollie Raynor)称,一天吃六小顿的实验组报告称他们的饥饿感较弱。#39;We cannot say one or the other was better,#39; Dr. Raynor says, adding that in other research she has found normal-weight individuals tend to eat more often each day than overweight individuals.雷纳称,“这两种方式哪一种更好还很难说。”她还表示,她在另一项研究中发现,体重正常者每天进餐的次数往往比超重者多。Heather Leidy, assistant professor of nutrition at the University of Missouri, in Columbia, published a 2010 review of eating-frequency studies in the Journal of Nutrition and says they show consumption of fewer large meals may be slightly more beneficial for weight loss and satiety.密苏里大学哥伦比亚分校(University of Missouri Columbia)的营养学助理教授希瑟·莱迪(Heather Leidy) 2010年在《营养学期刊》(Journal of Nutrition)上发表了一篇针对进餐频率相关研究的综述文章。她说,这些研究显示,少吃一些大餐可能更有助于减轻体重和增加饱足感。On the other hand, she notes, eating fewer than three by skipping meal times is a known cause of weight gain.但她指出,从另一方面来看,该吃饭的时候不吃,一日少于三餐是已知的导致体重增加的原因。Even so, individuals are likely to find their own experiences vary. #39;Three is not the magical number,#39; Dr. Leidy says.不过,情况可能还是因人而异。莱迪说:“‘三’这个数字并没有什么神奇的魔力。”Brian Wansink, a Cornell University behavioral economist and author of books including #39;Mindless Eating#39; and #39;Slim by Design,#39; says while a healthy snack might be a bag of almonds, a healthy mini meal involves more than two food groups. Mini meals should be eaten sitting down with silverware, not standing up.康奈尔大学(Cornell University)的行为经济学家、《瞎吃》(Mindless Eating)和《苗条源自设计》(Slim by Design)等书作者布莱恩·汪辛克(Brian Wansink)称,健康的零食可以是一袋杏仁,而一顿健康的迷你餐要包含两种以上的食物。迷你餐应该坐下来用银制餐具吃,而不是站着吃。Dr. Wansink says mini meals appeal to busy professionals and singles who don#39;t cook every day. These consumers find many more healthy prepackaged options in supermarkets than existed just 10 years ago, #39;We have very fractured [work] days and very attractive alternatives,#39; he says.汪辛克说,迷你餐吸引忙碌的专业人士和单身人士,这些人不每天做饭。如今,这些消费者能够在超市里买到比10年前多得多的健康预包装食品。他还说:“现在我们的工作时间非常分散,而且我们也有可以替代正餐的很好的选择。”Portions are downright tiny. Ms. Penberthy divides her vegetable frittata into seven-bite portions. Mr. Shor makes a salad with a handful of broccoli florets, thinly sliced carrots, a #39;small hint#39; of mayonnaise and five dried cranberries.每一份迷你餐都只有一点点。彭伯西把她的意式蔬菜煎蛋饼分成若干份,每份是七口的量。肖尔用一把花椰菜、切成细条的胡萝卜、“一丁点”蛋黄酱和五个蔓越橘干做沙拉。Brendan Shea, 29, a university publicist in Chicago, says as a result of eating mini meals, he visits the grocery store twice a week rather than once. He says #39;lunch#39; gets expensive. #39;Instead of one lunch, I have to buy two lunches,#39; says Mr. Shea, who recently ate small portions of sushi and a kale salad from a nearby Whole Foods for his midday meals.29岁的布兰登·谢伊(Brendan Shea)是芝加哥一所大学的公关人员。他说,以前他一周去一次杂货店,采用少吃多餐的方式之后,他一周需要去两次。他说,“午餐”变贵了。谢伊说,“买一份午餐不行,我必须要买两份。”谢伊最近午饭吃的是从附近一家Whole Foods买的小份寿司和甘蓝沙拉。Steering away from a traditional diet can lead to raised eyebrows in the office. Mr. Shea says he tries to avoid bumping into co-workers in the morning, when he is carrying his bag of food and an 80-ounce water bottle. He says he doesn#39;t want to seem high-maintenance when it comes to food.不吃传统饮食在办公室里可能会引人侧目。谢伊说,早晨他提着一袋吃的和一瓶80盎司的水走进办公室时会尽量避免撞见同事。他说,他不想给人留下吃东西挑剔的印象。#39;I try to be a little clandestine about it,#39; Mr. Shea says. #39;And I have my own office, so they don#39;t necessarily see me eating.#39;谢伊说:“我想做得保密一点。我有自己的办公室,所以他们不一定会看到我吃东西。”Kara Kilmer, a co-worker of five years, says she has noticed Mr. Shea#39;s diet because he visits restaurants for lunch less frequently and no longer purchases a cookie that he used to share with co-workers for dessert. It has also changed the mood of happy hour gatherings. #39;He#39;ll come and just drink water,#39; she says.与谢伊共事五年的同事卡拉·基尔默(Kara Kilmer)说,她注意到了谢伊饮食的变化,因为他午餐不常去餐馆吃了,也不像以前那样买饼干分给同事。谢伊的做法也改变了同事聚会畅饮时的气氛。她说:“他会来,但只喝水。” /201305/238190There have been a lot of articles written on healthy eating, weight loss and healthy living, e.g. “How to Loose Weight in 5 days ” etc., but I don’t want to bore you with that today.很多文章都是关于健康饮食、减肥、健康的生活方式。例如,“怎样能在5天内减肥”等等。Your weight control is not just about how many pounds you weighed before and after your diet. It’s much more complex。减肥不只是节食后你瘦了多少。事实上它比那更为复杂We don’t want just to lose weight but also stay happy (not cranky and starved), improve our health and live longer. Is that right?我们想要的不只是可以减肥,还想要保持心情愉悦(不会反弹、不用忍饥挨饿),同时还能改善健康问题,能够长寿,对吗?Here are 5 killer strategies to lose weight that work like a charm if you follow them exactly as described.如果你按以下这五种方法减肥,你一定会变的很苗条。Make a Rock-Solid Plan制定一个坚如磐石的计划Create a weight loss goal, set the stakes and assign a family member or a friend to keep you accountable.制定一个减肥计划,为了监督自己坚持完成目标,你可以在朋友或是家人那里设立一个赌注。If you fail to do it, you give them a certain amount of money. Let’s say to a 0. Or they pay a specific charity of your choice with it.如果自己没有做到,就给一定金额的钱,比如订到50美元到100美元之间,或者根据你的意思将那部分钱捐给慈善机构。The thing about us is that we will do something about our problem only when we absolutely have to, when something big is at stake. So, this trick works like a charm.在某些事情上加上赌注,当那些事变成我们不得不做时,我们就会去做这些事。所以,这种下赌注似乎有一定的魔力。Set up a goal for a day, week, month and stick with it or your wallet will lose quite a few bucks.定下每天的、每周的、每月的目标,坚持下去,否则你的钱包就会慢慢地一点点的瘪下去。Keep Track of Your Calories by Writing Down Everything You Eat记下你每天吃过的东西,记下你摄入的卡路里This trick does really help to shed quite a few pounds. You will think twice before eating something, if you have to log it and count calories. There are also smartphonehealthy appsand weight-loss tracking websites that make looking up calories easy. They are quite great because they offer healthy recipes, planners and support groups.这个方法可以帮你把找出分散摄入的热量。这样你在吃东西前都会再三考虑,作好记录,计算你所摄入的卡路里。智能手机上也有一些关于健康的应用和记录减肥的网站也能便捷的查询食物所含的卡路里。他们所提供的健康食谱,预备好的菜单以及推荐的食物搭配也挺不错的。If you are too busy, not very disciplined and totally hate counting calories for everything you eat, you can just order pre-made healthy amp; chef-made weekly meal plans with limited calories fromDiet-to-Gothat are fairly inexpensive.如果你很忙,不能坚持,而且很不喜欢计算食物的卡路里,你可以订一份事先制定好的每周要使用的食谱,这种食谱预先就限定了减肥时应摄入的卡路里,价格也是相当便宜的。Gulp Water Before Each Meal饭前喝水Very easy to do, but the benefit of it is greatly underestimated. If you drink two 8-once glasses of water before each meal, you won#39;t overeat, lose more weight and keep it off for at least a year according to research of American Chemical Society.一件非常容易做到的事情,但是它产生的效果也是不可预料的。如果在饭前喝下八杯水,你也就不会吃太多。据美国化学研究会研究显示,想要减肥,保持体形,那样至少得一年才可以。In addition to the above, drinking more water may discourage you from guzzling soda and other calorie-laden beverages that many of us are so addicted to. Drinking more water is a low-risk way to lose excess weight.另外,多喝水也可以防止你暴饮暴食我们平时喜欢喝的苏打水以及其他卡路里高的饮料。多喝水也可以降低超重的可能性。Keep Moving运动Inactivity and laziness are death. Sedentary people do not only gain tons of weight and can#39;t keep it off, they are also at increased risk of developing heart disease and Type 2 diabetes which affects their lifestyle and longevity.不运动,懒惰减肥的大忌。长期坐着的人不止会增重,不利于减肥外,还会增加患心脏病和2型糖尿病的几率,这两类疾病会影响他们的生活方式及寿命。久坐Go for a walk. Take the stairs. Help somebody. Stretch. Whatever you do - do not just sit there!步行,爬楼梯,帮助别人,做伸展运动,不论你做的是什么都可以-不要一直坐在那里。Post a Picture of Yourself on Facebook将照片放到网上If you need some more motivation and want to make sure you stick with your weight loss goal, post your ;Before; picture on Facebook and promise to all your friends to come back in a month (or two) with the ;After; picture where you look fabulous, healthy and 20 (or whatever your goal is) pounds lighter. Science shows this really works!如果你想要别人来激励你,想要坚持你的减肥大计,把你“之前的”照片用做头像,许诺一个月后会放上“之后的”惊人的、健康的、减掉20磅后的照片,。研究表明这样会很有效。All these strategies are brain-dead simple and even a caveman can follow them. But we are much better than cavemen. And smarter. And more dedicated to our goals.所有的这些方法都相当简单的,甚至原始人都可以做到,更何况我们比原始人好很多,也聪明很多,还更专注目标。 /201309/256584

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