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青岛市无痛流产医院中国常识青岛市南区哪家妇科医院好

2019年11月17日 08:28:35
来源:四川新闻网
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青岛胶州市剖腹产哪个医院好Why? Because we cannot ignore the metaphorical meaning of words either.这是为什么?因为我们同样也不能忽视这些词暗喻的意义。One of the sentences was, ;Some jobs are jails.;其中一句话是:“有些工作是监狱”Now, unless youre a prison guard, the sentence ;Some jobs are jails; is literally false.当然,除非你是监狱看守,“有些工作是监狱”这句话字面上是错的。Sadly, its metaphorically true.不幸却在暗喻上是对的And the metaphorical truth interferes with our ability to identify it as literally false.而暗喻上的真实干扰了我们的辨识能力,以至于难于区分字面上的真假。Metaphor matters because its around us every day, all the time.暗喻很重要,因它随时随地,无处不在。Metaphor matters because it creates expectations.暗喻很重要,因它带来期待Pay careful attention the next time you the financial news.下次你看财经新闻可要注意,Agent metaphors describe price movements as the deliberate action of a living thing, as in, ;The NASDAQ climbed higher.;拟人化的暗喻用来描述价格运动,就像是有人有意那么做。比如:“NASDAQ指数攀至新高”Object metaphors describe price movements as non-living things, as in, ;The Dow fell like a brick.;拟物化的暗喻用物体来描述价格运动,比如:道琼斯指数象砖头一样下跌。Researchers asked a group of people to a clutch of market commentaries, and then predict the next days price trend.研究人员请一群人在读了一些股评之后,来预测第二天的股价走势。Those exposed to agent metaphors had higher expectations that price trends would continue.那些读过拟人化暗喻的人更多地期待股价走势会持续。And they had those expectations because agent metaphors imply the deliberate action of a living thing pursuing a goal.而他们这样期待是由于拟人化的隐喻暗示了有人在刻意追逐一个目标。If, for example, house prices are routinely described as climbing and climbing,如果房价总是被说成是不断攀升,higher and higher, people might naturally assume that that rise is unstoppable.越走越高,人们自然会以为房价上升势不可挡。They may feel confident, say, in taking out mortgages they really cant afford.他们会感觉良好,以至于背负超过付能力的按揭。Thats a hypothetical example of course. But this is how metaphor misleads.当然这只是个虚构的例子。但是暗喻确实会这样误导人。Metaphor also matters because it influences decisions by activating analogies.暗喻很重要,因为它通过激活类比机制来影响决策。201704/506189青岛市北区打胎医院For white Americans, it means acknowledging that the effects of slavery and Jim Crow didnt suddenly vanish in the60s,对于美国白人,这意味着去承认奴隶制度的影响,还有美国黑人不会突然消失在六十年代(;Jim Crow;原意为:黑人,是美国白人至上主义者对黑人的蔑称;今译作“黑人隔离法”。),that when minority groups voice discontent,当少数群体发出不满的声音,theyre not just engaging in reverse racism or practicing political correctness.他们不仅正热衷于逆向种族主义,还正在实践政治正确。When they wage peaceful protest, theyre not demanding special treatment当他们进行和平示威,他们不是在要求特别待遇,but the equal treatment that our Founders promised.而是我们的建国之父承诺过的平等对待。For native-born Americans, For native-born Americans,对于本土的美国人来说,对于本土的美国人来说,it means reminding ourselves that the stereotypes about immigrants today这代表不断提醒我们自己对于当今赋予移民的刻板印象,were said, almost word for word, about the Irish, and Italians, and Poles,就像我们之前逐字地形容爱尔兰人、意大利人和波兰人,who it was said were going to destroy the fundamental character of America.那些宣称要摧毁美国最基本特性的人,And as it turned out, America wasnt weakened by the presence of these newcomers;最后的结果是美国并没有因为新来的人而削弱,these newcomers embraced this nations creed, and this nation was strengthened.这些新人们加强了拥抱这个国家的信念,这个国家也因此变强了。So regardless of the station that we occupy, we all have to try harder.因此无论我们持什么立场,我们都应该更加努力。We all have to start with the premise that each of our fellow citizens loves this country just as much as we do;我们都应该以这样的认知为出发点:每一个公民都同我们一样热爱着这个国家,that they value hard work and family just like we do;同我们一样努力工作、一样重视家庭;that their children are just as curious and hopeful and worthy of love as our own.他们的孩子也像我们的孩子一样,充满好奇、前途无量并且值得爱护。201701/488701烟台无痛人流多少钱

莱阳做体检多少钱青岛青医附院治疗子宫肌瘤好吗第45课Watch out! 小心点儿! 46.意外惊喜 壶口瀑布,the Yellow River 黄河 如何表达有兴趣的东西 161. Hay, check that out! 嗨,快看那边! 162. Is that cool, or what? 那个很不错,你觉得呢?(cool 是凉爽的意思,表示什么东西很好啊,中国叫作酷,酷毙了!,加个what,我觉得很好,于是我问你,你是不是觉得很好呢?) 163. Watch out! 小心点儿!(睁大你的眼睛,注意观察你前面的情况,弄清楚要发生什么事情) 相关专题:洋话连篇视频教学 /200601/2952青岛莱西市无痛人流多少钱青岛第七医院检查白带多少钱

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