2019年07月18日 19:26:21|来源:国际在线|编辑:国际热点
According to a study, chewing gum after intestinal surgery can help reactivate paralyzed bowels and get patients out of the hospital sooner。Chewing gum afterintestinal surgerycan help reactivate paralyzedbowelsand get patients out of the hospital sooner, a study said on Monday.Patients who haveabdominal surgeryoften suffer a slowdown or shutdown of the bowels calledileusthat causes pain, vomiting and abdominal swelling, and they may not be able to tolerate food or even water, the report published in the Archives of Surgery said.Study participants had no problem chewing sugarless gum three times a day. Chewing stimulates nerves that promote the release of hormones responsible for activating thegastrointestinal system, wrote study author Rob Schuster of Santa Barbara Cottage Hospital in California.Seventeen of 34 patients who chewed gum beginning a few hours after surgery passed gas several hours sooner than the half who did not chew, and they had their first bowel movements an average of 63 hours after surgery compared with 89 hours for non-chewers.The gum chewers got out of the hospital an average of 4.3 days after surgery versus 6.8 days for non-chewers, reducing costs and lowering the risk ofcomplications."We conclude that gum chewing early in the postoperative period following (surgery) hastens time to bowel motility and ability to tolerate feedings," the report said. "This inexpensive and well-tolerated treatment resulted in earlier hospital discharge."本周一公布的一项研究表明,患者在接受肠道手术之后,嚼口香糖可以帮助他们麻痹的肠道恢复运动,有助于患者早日出院。 据刊在《外科文献》上的报告称,患者在接受腹部手术后,经常会出现"肠梗阻"现象,即肠道运动缓慢或是肠道运动停止,这将引发腹痛、呕吐或腹涨等反应,患者可能因此无法进食,甚至无法饮水。美国加州圣芭芭拉医疗站的罗布·舒斯特是这项研究报告的撰写人。他在报告中写道,此项研究的参与者每天嚼3次无糖口香糖。嚼口香糖将刺激人体内某些释放激素的神经,而这些激素有助于促进肠胃系统活动。在参与研究的34名患者中,有一半的患者在手术之后的几小时就开始咀嚼口香糖。研究发现,咀嚼口香糖的患者比另一半不嚼口香糖的患者早数小时排气,并且,前者平均在手术后的63个小时里就出现了首次肠道运动,而后者在术后89个小时才出现首次肠道运动。那些每天咀嚼口香糖的患者术后平均4.3天就出院了,而另外不咀嚼口香糖的患者平均6.8天后才出院。咀嚼口香糖不仅减少了患者的医疗开,同时还降低了发生并发症的危险。"我们得出这样一个结论:手术后早期咀嚼口香糖,有助于患者肠道早日恢复运动并促进他们的进食能力,"报告说,"这种便宜又容易接受的治疗方法能帮助患者早日出院。" Vocabulary:intestinal surgery:(肠道手术)bowels:the intestine(肠子)abdominal surgery:(腹部手术)ileus:(医学用语:“肠梗阻”)gastrointestinal system:(肠胃系统)complications:a secondary disease, an accident, or a negative reaction occurring during the course of an illness and usually aggravating the illness(并发症) /200808/46332在办公室里,我们对每个人都得尊重。感谢上帝,对于电脑,我们还可以粗鲁一点儿。“爱我、不爱我”的游戏别玩啦,扯掉再多花瓣也无法知道他是不是真的爱你。但如果你真的掌握以下四点,他的心你也就能读懂了!们一定不能错过哦!Have you noticed any slight changes in your man's behavior? Does he say things he has never said before? Well, maybe it's because he loves you!有没有留意到你看上的他有任何行为变化呢?他有没有说过什么从没说过的话?如果有的话,那他可能真的爱上你了!Men are very action motivated, they don't express their feelings verbally. They'd rather make you figure it out on your own. There's nothing wrong with that, as long as he tells you how he feels at the right time.男生的行动力都很强,他们不会用语言表达情感。他们还是宁愿你自己整明白。这并没有什么问题,只要他们能在恰当的时机真的把这事儿挑明就行了。Do you ever get butterflies in your stomach when you think about his new motives? You probably feel the same way about him. I know you've heard others say that it takes time for men to love their women. That's true to an extent. Love doesn't hold any boundaries, it comes when you least expect it to. This strong emotion normally comes about 1 year of dating. If you've been with him for only 5 months, then he's infatuated with you.当想到他的新举动,你是不是也会心里一阵骚动呢?那很可能你俩就是互相看对眼!我知道你也许听过那种说法:男人要花点时间才会真正爱上他们的女人。在一定程度上是对的。爱没有界限,可能你最不期待时它就来了。这种强烈的情感通常会在约会一年之后发生。而如果你跟他在一起只有5个月,那不叫爱,那是迷恋。The difference between love and infatuation is that love is a more intense feeling. When you're infatuated with someone, your feelings are a bit different. He may feel like he loves you, but he only cares deeply for you. When a man really loves a woman, he'll do anything for her. The main hints he'll throw are very easy to catch.爱和迷恋的分别就在于爱是更为强烈的情感。而当你迷恋一个人,那是不同的感觉。也许他都觉得自己是爱你的,但他其实只是很关心你而已。当一个男人真的爱上一个女人,他会愿意为她做任何事。而他给的最主要的暗示其实很容易抓到。1. His body language肢体语言If you haven't noticed his body language, pay more attention to it. He'll begin to walk with poise and wrap his arms around you. I know men do this when they don't love a woman, but he'll do it more often if the feelings are there.如果你还没注意到他的肢体语言,那真是要花点儿心思。走路的时候,他会搂着你的肩——我知道男人不爱你的时候也许也这么干,但如果他爱你,他一定会做的更多。 /201108/149214

I.Q. scores have been measured since 1916, when Alfred Binet developed his intelligence scale. He graduated the scale in the following way:IQ Scores130+ Very superior120+ Superior110+ Above average99+ Average80+ Below average70+ BorderlineLess than 70 Extremely low.Items included in IQ tests range from spatial awareness where you have to match patterns, to number sequences, and words. There is a free IQ testing site online.IQ tests used to be standardized but now they are designed by many different organizations in an attempt to measure certain qualities in candidates. For example, Mensa, the High IQ Society, sets its own test which is very difficult in parts. One example of a Mensa question:Take these letters:C E I L M E R S SForm two different 8 letter words from these letters. Each word must use all the letters.Intelligence and personality have been combined to give sten and z-scores. These are often used by companies who want to recruit staff with particular traits and abilities.Some very famous celebrities are know for their extremely high IQ level.Bill Gates: GeniusMadonna 140Al Gore 140Hugh Hefner 152Carol Vorderman 154Bill Gates 160Jill St. John 162Jill St. John who claims the highest score on this list was a major American film actress during the 1960's and 1970's. Jill was admitted to the University of California at the age of 14.Psychologists have estimated the IQ scores that some famous historical figures might have attained. This was done by looking at their work and their ideas and the way they put them together.Leonardo da Vinci: Smarter than Bill GatesGeorge Washington 118Napoleon Bonaparte 145Albert Einstein 160Charles Dickens 180Michelangelo 180Leonardo da Vinci 220Leonardo da Vinci earns that massive score for his art but also for his helicopter concept . His solar power diagrams, calculator plans, and studies of plate techtonics. He had none of the modern day scientific equipment and he was way ahead of his time. 自从1916年阿尔弗雷德·比奈(Alfred Binet)发明了智力量表,人类的智商就开始被测量。他把智商得分如下分类:IQ 得分130+ 非常出众120+ 出众110+ 平均之上99+ 平均80+ 平均之下70+ 分界线低于70的人智商极低测量智商的测试范围很广,从要求你搭配图案的空间意识到数字排序以及文字。这里给大家一个免费的测试智商的网站。过去智商测试都是统一标准化的,而今许多组织设计出各种不同的智商测试来衡量各种品质。比如,门萨这一高智商俱乐部就会设定自主测试,而这种考试的有些部分是非常难的。下面是门萨考题中的一个例子:给出下列字母:C E I L M E R S S用以上字母,构成两个完全不同的8字单词。每个单词必须使用所有单词。一个人的智商和个性已经与他是否能做出复杂的词干题和Z分数联系在一起。一些公司经常用这种方式来招募那些有特质、有能力的员工。一些非常出名的名人以他们极高的智商著称。比尔·盖茨:天才麦当娜 140阿尔·戈尔 140休·海弗纳 152卡罗尔·沃德曼 154比尔·盖茨 160吉尔·圣约翰 162这个在榜单上位列首位的吉尔·圣约翰是19世纪六七十年代的美国电影男主角。他14岁就被加利福尼亚大学录取。心理学家对一些著名的历史人物的智商进行了推测,依据是他们的成就和思想以及他们将思想赋予行动的方式。莱昂纳多·达·芬奇:比比尔盖茨更聪明乔治·华盛顿 118拿破仑·波拿巴 145艾伯特·爱因斯坦 160查尔斯·狄更斯 180米开朗基罗 180莱昂纳多·达·芬奇 220莱昂纳多·达·芬奇得分如此之高不仅因为他在艺术上的成就,还因为他对直升飞机的概念。他设计出太阳能图表,拟定计算器计划,还对板块构造学(plate tectonics 此处应为作者笔误)颇有研究。在没有当代科学设备的情况下,达芬奇的成就早已超越他所在的时代。 /200808/46279

Working long hours can greatly increase the risk of suffering injury or illness, a study says.研究显示,长时间工作会大大增加受伤和生病的危险。Workers who do overtime were 61% more likely to become hurt or ill, once factors such as age and gender were taken into account.如果把年龄和性别等因素都考虑进去的话,加班加点工作的员工受伤或生病的可能性会增加61%。And working more than 12 hours a day raised the risk by more than a third, the University of Massachusetts found.马萨诸塞州大学研究发现,如果一天工作超过12个小时的话,出现危险情况的可能性会提高三分之一。Report co-author Allard Dembe said risk was not necessarily associated with how hazardous the job was.该研究报告的作者之一阿拉德·登贝说发生危险和工作本身的危险程度并没有必然的联系。"The results of this study suggest that jobs with long working hours are not more risky merely because they are concentrated in inherently hazardous industries or occupations."“这项研究的结果显示,长时间的工作之所以风险更大并不仅仅因为这类工作所在的行业或职业本身有危险。”And he said the findings, published in the Occupational and Environmental Health journal, supported initiative such as the 48-hour European Working Time Directive to cut the number of working hours.研究结果在《职业和环境卫生》周刊上发表。他说研究结果为《欧洲工作时间法》提供了依据。该法令规定了每周48小时工作制,旨在削减工作时间。From the records, researchers found 5,139 work-related injuries and illnesses, ranging from stress to cuts, burns and muscle injuries.在报告中,研究者们发现了5139种和工作有关的伤害和疾病,从紧张到割伤、烧伤、肌肉拉伤,各种情况都有。More than half of these injuries and illnesses occurred in jobs with extended working hours or overtime.半数以上的伤害和疾病都是由于加班加点、长时间工作引起的。The researchers concluded that the more hours worked, the greater the risk of injury.研究者们得出的结论是:工作的时间越长,受到伤害的危险越大。But they did not find that lengthy commutes to and from work had any impact on illness and injury.但是,他们并没有发现上下班长时间乘车对伤害和疾病有任何影响。In the UK 14% of the working population--3.6m--work more than 48 hours a week.在英国,14%的就业人口,也就是大约360万人口,每周的工作时间超过48小时 /200907/77864

The sight of a crying girlfriend or wife is never likely to turn a man to thoughts of passion. But it is not just the emotions of an upset partner that dampen the mood in a loving relationship. Female tears contain a chemical that makes her less attractive to the opposite sex, a study has found. While a man might not realise it, his brain sniffs out the signal and his desire is subdued. 电视剧《红楼梦》一经播出,褒贬不一,不管导演李少红的翻拍最终能否还原原著的经典,然而“林招牌式的楚楚动人”还是时隔N年后再一次出现在现代人眼中,我们不禁问道:现在的男人还爱着楚楚动人、泪眼婆娑的林黛玉吗?经研究,科学家竟然给我们“否定”的!研究者发现,恋人在相处过程中,女人的“眼泪攻势”很难再获得男人的怜惜与同情甚至爱情,因为女性在哭的时候,男人体内立刻产生“化学作用”潜意识中会觉得异性的吸引力大大减少,男人的脑中会出现“警报”---还是赶快闪吧,这个女人碰不得! Researchers arrived at the conclusion after asking six women, selected from 60 volunteers, to make repeat visits to a lab where they cried into a test tube while watching a weepy film. The tears were then trickled back down the women’s faces and a group of men asked to lean close. Salty water was used as substitute tears in a second group of women. The men said that both sets of ‘tears’ smelt the same. But when shown pictures of female faces, those who had sniffed the real tears rated the pictures as less attractive, the journal Science reports. 研究者对60名女性志愿者进行实验,将每一组(6个人)轮流进行实验:将第一组(会哭的)女人聚集起来观看“催人泪下”的电影,然后将第二组(不会哭)女人进入影院也随后观看电影,与前者不同的是,第二组女人的眼泪是“假”的,是实验者用“盐水”滴上去的。这段时间,研究者让一群男士进入影院,让他们“依偎”在女人身边,测试他们对“眼泪女人”的反映!实验结果显示,男人压根分不清“真眼泪”和“假眼泪”,在男士的嗅觉下,两者并无差别。但在测试他们喜欢哪一组女人时,他们竟然都一致觉得“真流泪”的女人吸引力很低,相反,“假流泪”女人更有吸引力些! To expose the men to the feelings of sadness that had accompanied the women’s tears, the men then also watched a weepy movie. Levels of the male sex hormone testosterone fell in those who had sniffed real tears but not in the men exposed to the fake ones. The researchers from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, said the results suggest that weeping helps women ward off unwelcome advances. The chemicals in tears could also help protect against violence by lowering male testosterone levels. 来自以色列的研究员称:“在测试眼泪对男士的效果中,我们发现,女人一旦泪如雨下,男性的睾丸素(男性荷尔蒙的一种)会降低。也就是女人在遇到暴力的时候,哭的力量可以使得男性的宽恕。但是女人要是要是企图用哭来获得爱情,让男人觉得你更加楚楚动人,那就是不可能的了。男人一看到女性哭,顿时觉得女人吸引力降低大大降低,一点都不可爱了!” /201102/124964

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