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来源:普及健康    发布时间:2019年09月16日 20:06:03    编辑:admin         

His mind has grappled with space and time, and explored the strange beauty of black holes aglow, but in recent days a more earthly problem has occupied the world#39;s most famous scientist.他的思想已经掌握了空间和时间,并探索过黑洞发出红光的奇怪美景,但最近几天一个更加实际的问题已经使这位世界上最著名科学家忙碌起来。Stephen Hawking, the former Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge University, must ponder how to spend m (#163;1.8m) that has landed in his bank account after winning the most lucrative science prize ever established.斯蒂芬#8226;霍金,前剑桥大学卢卡逊数学教授,在获得自设立以来最有钱的科学奖之后,必须得考虑如何花完落在他账户的300万美元(即180万英镑) 。The renowned physicist who missed his 70th birthday celebrations through illness in January, has won the Special Fundamental Physics Prize for a lifetime of achievements, including the discovery that black holes emit radiation, and his deep contributions to quantum gravity and aspects of the early universe.这位因病错过了他在1月的70岁生日庆典的著名物理学家,因其一生的成就(包括发现黑洞会发出辐射以及他在量子重力和早期宇宙各个方面的深入贡献)赢得了这一特殊的基础物理学奖。The award is one of several set up in July by Yuri Milner, a Russian internet mogul, who quit his PhD in physics and made a billion dollars from investments in social media and other companies, such as Twitter, Facebook and Groupon.这个奖项是由Yuri Milner7月份设立的几个奖项中的其中一个,一位俄罗斯的互联网大亨,他放弃了物理学士学位,从投资社会媒体和其他公司比如Twitter、Facebook和Groupon中挣得了十亿美元。The prize winners were selected by an independent committee of physicists, such as d Witten, the string theorist, and Alan Guth, who proposed the theory of cosmic inflation. The awards can go to much younger researchers than typically receive the Nobel prize, as experimental proof of theoretical work is not required.获奖者是由物理学家组成的独立委员会选定,例如艾德#8226;威滕,弦理论学家和提出了宇宙膨胀理论的Alan Guth。这个奖项可以颁给更年轻的研究人员相比通常获诺贝尔奖来说,因为理论工作的实验明不是必须的。In an email to the Guardian, Professor Hawking said he was ;delighted and honoured; to receive the prize. ;No one undertakes research in physics with the intention of winning a prize. It is the joy of discovering something no one knew before. Nevertheless prizes like these play an important role in giving public recognition for achievement in physics. They increase the stature of physics and interest in it,; he wrote.在给《卫报》的一封电子邮件中,霍金教授表示他“很高兴和荣幸”领取奖金。“没有人会带着获奖的目的进行物理研究。它是发现前人不知道的东西的一种快乐。然而这样的奖项在让公众认识物理学成就中扮演着重要的角色。它们提高了物理学的地位和其中的兴趣,”他写道。;Although almost every theoretical physicist agrees with my prediction that a black hole should glow like a hot body, it would be very difficult to verify experimentally because the temperature of a macroscopic black hole is so low,; he added.“虽然几乎每个理论物理学家都同意我的预测,黑洞应该像一个发热体那样发光,实验验将是非常困难的,因为肉眼可见的黑洞温度是如此之低,”他补充道。The physicist, who rose to fame with his 1988 book, A Brief History of Time, and made guest appearances on The Simpsons and Star Trek, has not settled on how to spend the windfall. ;I will help my daughter with her autistic son, and maybe buy a holiday home, not that I take many holidays because I enjoy my work in theoretical physics,; he wrote.这位物理学家以他1988年的著作《时间简史》一举成名,客串过《辛普森一家》和《星际迷航》,还没有决定如何花费这笔意外之财。“我将帮助我的女儿和她患有自闭症的儿子,也许会买一个度假别墅,不是我有很多假日,因为我喜欢从事理论物理的工作,”他写道。Nima Arkani-Hamed, a member of the selection committee, said: ;In the case of Hawking, what can you say? This is an absolutely true giant of modern physics. He#39;s done massive, massive things.;Nima Arkani-Hamed,评选委员会的一个成员,他说:“对于霍金,你能说什么呢?这是一个绝对真实的现代物理学巨人。他所做的是重大的、重大的事情。”Milner, 51, holds an advanced degree in theoretical physics from Moscow State University, but abandoned a PhD at the Russian Academy of Sciences for an MBA at the Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania. He remains a physics enthusiast though, and established the awards to recognise the greatest minds in fundamental physics, and help them to make significant contributions in the future.Milner,51岁,拥有一个从莫斯科州立大学获得的理论物理学高等学位,但为了宾夕法尼亚大学沃顿商学院的MBA放弃了在俄罗斯科学院的士学位。但他仍然是一个物理爱好者,并设立了在认可基础物理学方面最伟大的奖项,帮助他们在未来作出卓越的贡献。The conditions attached to the prizes require the winners to give at least one annual public lecture on their field. Most of the talks will be recorded and posted on the website.这一奖项的附加条件要求获奖者关于他们的领域至少做一次年度公开演讲。大多数演讲将被录下来并在网站上发布。 /201212/213654。

I’m Jessi, and this is my suitcase. But before I show you what I’ve got inside, I’m going to make a very public confession, and that is, I’m outfit obsessed. I love finding, wearing, and more recently, photographing and blogging a different colorful, crazy outfit for every single occasion. But I don’t buy anything new. I get all my clothes secondhand from 1)flea markets and 2)thrift stores.我叫杰西,这是我的旅行箱。不过在让你们看我这里面装的东西之前,我要公开坦白。那就是,我对衣极度迷恋。我超爱寻找衣,并把它们穿在身上。最近,我还爱上了给自己在每一次活动中穿的色斑斓的独特装拍照片,并为此写客。但我不买新衣。我的衣都是二手货,是从跳蚤市场和旧货店淘来的。Secondhand shopping allows me to reduce the impact my wardrobe has on the environment and on my wallet. I get to meet all kinds of great people; my dollars usually go to a good cause; I look pretty unique; and it makes shopping like my own personal treasure hunt. I mean, what am I gonna find today? Is it gonna be my size? Will I like the color? Will it be under ? If all the answers are yes, I feel as though I’ve won.买二手衣物可让我减少衣对环境的影响,还有对我腰包的影响。我这样做能结识各种有趣的人;我的钱还能为慈善事业作点贡献;我的打扮也自成一派。同时,买衣成了我自己的寻宝游戏。我会想,我今天会找到什么呢?会不会正好是我的尺寸?会是我喜欢的颜色吗?会在二十美元以下吗?如果都是肯定的话,我就觉得自己赢了。I wanna get back to my suitcase and tell you what I packed for this exciting week. I brought seven pairs of underpants and that’s it. I was betting that I’d be able to find everything else I could possibly want to wear once I got here to Palm Springs. And I’d really love to show you my week’s worth of outfits right now. Does that sound good? So as I do this, I’m also gonna tell you a few of the life lessons that, believe it or not, I have picked up in these adventures wearing nothing new.再继续说我的旅行箱,告诉你们为了这激动人心的一周,我都带了些什么。我带了七条内裤,就这些了。我当时就断定我在棕榈泉会找到我需要的所有衣,而且现在我真的很乐意给你们看看我这一周收获的衣。听起来很不错吧?同时,我还会和你们聊一聊人生经验,无论你们是否相信,这些都是我在“旧衣新穿”的经历中提炼出来的。So let’s start with Sunday: You do not have to spend a lot of money to look great. This whole outfit, including the jacket, cost me 55, and it was the most expensive thing that I wore the entire week.那么我们从星期日开始吧。你并不需要花很多钱才能让自己看起来漂漂亮亮的。这整套衣,包括外套花了我五十五美元,而这是我这一整周内穿的最贵的衣了。Monday: Color is powerful. It is almost 3)physiologically impossible to be in a bad mood when you’re wearing bright red pants. If you are happy, you are going to attract other happy people to you.星期一:色的威力是强大的。从生理学的角度看,一个人几乎不可能在穿上鲜艳的红色裤子时仍然心情郁闷。如果你快乐,你会吸引其他快乐的人到你身边。Tuesday: Fitting-in is way overrated. Just be who you are. If you are surrounding yourself with the right people, they will not only get it, they will appreciate it.星期二:融入环境的重要性被远远高估了。就做你自己。如果你身边有同道中人,他们不仅会懂,他们还会欣赏。Wednesday: Embrace your inner child. Sometimes people tell me that I look like I’m playing dress-up, or that I remind them of their seven-year-old. I like to smile and say, “Thank you.”星期三:接受自己的童心。有时候有人会告诉我,说我像在玩打扮游戏,或者我让他们想起了他们七岁的孩子。我会对他们微笑,并且说声“谢谢”。Thursday: Confidence is key. If you believe you’re a beautiful person inside and out, there is no look that you can’t pull off. So there is no excuse for any of us here in this audience. We should be able to rock anything we wanna rock.星期四:自信心是关键。如果你相信你是个既有外在美,又有内在美的人,那什么衣穿在你身上都好看。所以在座的各位都不应该有借口,因为我们可以想穿什么就穿什么。Friday: A universal truth—five words for you: Gold 4)sequins go with everything.星期五:一个普遍的真理——送你们一句五字箴言:金亮片百搭。And finally, Saturday: Developing your own unique personal style is a really great way to tell the world something about you without having to say a word. It’s been proven to me time and time again as people have walked up to me simply because of what I’m wearing. And we’ve had great conversations.最后,星期六:形成独特的个人风格帮助你一言不发就能让世人知道你是个什么样的人,这样做的确是个很好的方式。仅仅是因为我的穿着,人们一次又一次地走到我面前就明了这一点。而且我们的谈话很愉快。So obviously this is not all gonna fit back in my tiny suitcase. So before I go home, I’m going to donate everything back. Because the lesson I’m trying to learn myself is that it’s OK to let go. I don’t need to get emotionally attached to these things, because around the corner, there is always gonna be another crazy, colorful, shiny outfit just waiting for me, if I put a little love in my heart and look.当然,我的小旅行箱放不下这些衣。所以在我回家前,我会把一切都捐出去。因为我在教自己学会放手,放手是好事。我不需要眷恋这些物品,因为只要我带着爱用心去寻找,很快又会有一套不同寻常、色鲜艳、闪闪发光的衣在等着我。 /201210/204762。