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乌鲁木齐整形医疗美容医院做双眼皮手术多少钱百科互动新疆医科大学第二附属医院做去眼袋手术多少钱

2019年07月18日 02:24:57    日报  参与评论()人

博乐注射丰唇一针多少钱乌市治疗痘痘多少钱THE flow of oil from cracks in the seabed off the coast of Rio de Janeiro has long since slowed to a mere trickle. Not so the retribution against Chevron, an American oil company that was drilling in the Frade oilfield on November 7th when a sudden rise in pressure caused a leak.原油从里约热内卢离岸海床的裂缝中流出已经是很久的事情了,不过由于溢出的原油只是缓慢的涓涓细流(而没人发现它并受到惩罚)。然而这次雪佛龙所受的惩罚就不是这样了。11月7日,这家来自美国的石油公司正在Frade油田钻探,剧升的压力引发了(明显的)原油泄漏。Brazilrsquo;s environment agency, IBAMA, has fined the company 50m reais (m) for the leak. On December 23rd it levied a further 10m reais for poor contingency planning. The National Petroleum Agency (ANP), the industry regulator, has closed one of Chevronrsquo;s Frade wells and suspended the firmrsquo;s drilling rights. The Rio de Janeiro state government is suing for 150m reais. A federal prosecutor in Campos, a city in the north of the state, is demanding 20 billion reais in punitive damages and seeking an injunction to halt all operations in Brazil by both Chevron and Transocean, the subcontractor drilling for it in Frade. Federal police, meanwhile, want to bring criminal charges against bosses of both companies.  巴西的环境部门;;巴西可再生资源与环保局已经因这次泄漏事故对雪佛龙处以5,000万雷亚尔(2,800美元)罚款。12月23日,该局又为可能性极低的规划对雪佛龙追加1,000万雷亚尔的罚款。石油管理机构;;巴西国家石油(ANP)已经关闭雪佛龙位于Frade的其中一处油井,同时取消了这家公司的钻探权。里约热内卢政府正在申诉15,000万雷亚尔的罚款。位于巴西北方的城市;;Campos的一位联邦公诉人提出200亿雷亚尔的惩罚性损失赔偿,并正在寻求禁止雪佛龙和Transocean公司在巴西的所有作业的强制令。Transocean公司承担雪佛龙在Frade 钻探任务。与此同时,联邦警察意图以刑事罪处置两家公司的主管人员。After the 4.9m-barrel spill from the Macondo well in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010, oil regulators around the world are in no mood for leniency. But the blitz against Chevron, for a leak of no more than 3,000 barrels, makes some industry-watchers wonder whether Brazil wants foreign oil companies at all. ;The reactions are out of proportion with the size of the leak,; says Joseacute; Goldemberg, an energy and environment specialist at the University of Satilde;o Paulo. Petrobras, Brazilrsquo;s state-controlled oil giant, holds a minority stake in Frade, but none of the lawsuits or fines names it as a respondent. ;I donrsquo;t think there would have been the same enthusiasm for big fines if Petrobras had been drilling.; 自2010年墨西哥湾Macondo油井490万桶原油泄漏后,全球各国石油管理部门严厉无比。但仅因区区3,000桶而对雪佛龙铺天盖地地进行惩罚,这使得一事行业观察家怀疑巴西是否完全不想要外国石油了。;这些反应与泄漏规模是不相对称的,;一位圣保罗的大学的能源与环境专家Joseacute; Goldemberg表示。巴西政府控股的石油巨头拥有Frade的少量股份,但它却从未作为被告面临任务诉讼罚款。;假设Petrobras(也像雪佛龙一样)进行钻探,我不认为当局会同样积极处以这么大的罚款。;Brazil ended Petrobrasrsquo;s monopoly and opened up its oil industry to private and foreign investment in the 1990s. But its recent oil policy has been ;nationalist and populist;, says Adriano Pires, a Rio-based energy consultant and former ANP official. It has restricted foreign companies to secondary roles in most new projects. A law approved in 2010 requires that in the recently discovered ultra-deep preacute;-sal (;sub-salt;) fields, Petrobras must be the operator with a minimum 30% stake (existing concessions are unaffected). Mr Pires fears that Chevronrsquo;s mishandling of communications will only harden the new mood. The company was slow to make details of the accident public, he says, and arrogant when it did; press conferences in English went down particularly badly. ;It gave the authorities another chance to claim that foreign oil companies drilling in Brazil act carelessly,; he laments.上世纪90年代,巴西取消了Petrobras的垄断权,同时对私营企业和外国投资者开放该国的石油产业。但Adriano Pires表示,巴西最近的石油政策让其变成;国家主义者和平民主义者;。 Adriano Pires是扎根里约热内卢能源顾问,同时也是巴西国家石油的前官员。在大多数新项目上,巴西已经将外国公司置诸次要地位。2010年,一项经批准的法律要求最近被发现的超级深海盐田,Petrobras作为经营的一方必须至少拥有30%的股份(目前的特许权看来是不会动摇的)。Pires担忧不正确的公关举措将只会加深这种新的情绪。Pires表示,雪佛龙傲慢的态度以及缓慢公布这次泄漏事故的相关细节。用英语的记者执行使这种情况变得更糟。;这给当局另一个机会去指责在巴西钻探的外国石油公司表现漫不经心。;Pires惋惜地表示。201201/167614吐鲁番市额头除皱多少钱 乌鲁木齐天山区做隆鼻手术多少钱

新疆石油管理局职工总医院激光祛痘多少钱新疆医科大学第二附属医院激光去痘手术多少钱 In a final desperate move, the String Theories tried adding one last thing to their cherished idea. They added the very thing they had spent a decade rubbishing--the eleventh dimension. Now something almost magically happened to the five competing string theories.弦理论在最后绝望尝试为这种稀奇的想法增加最后一样东西。他们补充道已经花费数十年研究的东西;;第11维度。几乎魔术般地发生一件事致使这5个弦理论不再分庭抗礼。The answer turned out to be and it really was absolutely remarkable, I mean it really is remarkable. It turns out that they were all the same. These five string theories turned out to be simply different manifestations of a more fundamental theory, precisely this theory which we had discarded back in the early 1980s.水落石出,而且非常有成效,我的意思是,它真的是显著的。原来它们都是一样的。这五个弦理论变成简单的不同表现为更为基本的理论,正是这一理论,我们早在20世纪80年代早期就已经废弃。In the eleventh dimension, looking from the mountain top, looking down, you could see String Theory as being part of a much larger reality, reality of the eleventh dimension.在第11维度,从山顶往下看,当你俯瞰时,你可以看到弦论就像更大的现实,现实的第11维度。注:听力文本来源于普特201201/168368新疆自治区中医院开双眼皮手术多少钱

新疆维吾尔自治区肿瘤医院光子脱毛多少钱And then that pure energy briefly transforms into matter, just like it did nearly 14 billion years ago. But a monster machine needs a monster detector to see these collisions.正如140亿前年宇宙大爆炸一样,纯能量暂时转化为物质。然而要观察巨型机器里粒子的碰撞,需要巨型的探测器。This detector is 5 stories tall and weighs over 7000 tons. And 7000 tons to give you a sense of perspective is the weight of the Eiffel Tower.探测器有5层楼高,重量超过7000吨。对于你来说7000吨是什么概念?7000吨相当于埃菲尔铁塔的重量。But as big as it is, it cannot see the actual particles of new matter. They hang around for just a split second and move so fast. It can only record their trails.机器虽大,但却不能看见新物质实际的粒子。它们飞速移动,转瞬即消失不见。所以只能记录到它们的轨迹。There is a lot of energy in these particles. They move very very quickly and so you need a very large amount of detector in order to be able to map, to see and detect these particles very precisely. So the detector is so big because you need better resolution. It works exactly the same as a camera. The more pixels you have, the better the picture. Its exactly the same here. We just have a 5-story camera.粒子内部蕴藏着大量能量。他们移动得如此之快,因此要精细规划,观察,探测这些粒子必须用到大量的探测仪。为了取得更精确的结果,每个探测仪的规模也应很大。它和照相机的工作原理一样。像素越高,图片越清晰。在这里也是一样,我们需要5层楼高的相机。Scientists told that itll reveal just how energy transforms into matter, but not just any matter, the kind of matter that emerged 14 billion years ago at the dawn of time itself. But the dawn of time was a critical moment in the birth of the universe because pure energy also produced one of the most dangerous things in the universe, anti-matter. Thats right, anti-matter. Its real.科学家说,这只能显示能量转化成物质,而不是任何物质,并不能明140亿年前时间之初出现的物质也是这样转化而来。然而时间之初是宇宙诞生的关键性时期,因为纯能量也产生了一种宇宙中最危险的事物—反物质。对,是反物质。它确实存在。Anti-matter is the mirror image of ordinary matter. However, matter has one charge, and anti-matter has the opposite charge. If there was an anti-me made out of anti-matter, that person in principle could like exactly like me, same personality quirks, same everything. Except of course, when I decide to shake his hand, at that point, we both would blow ourselves to smithereens in a gigantic nuclear explosion.反物质就是寻常事物的镜像。然而,物质带有一种电荷,反物质则带有相反的电荷。如果有一个由反物质构成的“反我”,在原理上这个人跟我一模一样,连怪癖都是一样。当然也有例外,如果我决定握手他的手,刚一碰到他就会发生超级核爆炸,两人都会被炸得粉碎。Matter with a positive charge locks horns with its arch enemy. Anti-matter with a negative charge, the fate of the universe hangs in the balance of this epic battle. Equal amounts of matter and anti-matter will cancel each other out, not good.带有正电荷的物质会和它的死对头-带有负电荷的反物质,互相较量,争得不可开交。宇宙的命运吉凶未卜,取决于这场史诗般的战斗。相同数量的物质和反物质会相互抵消,这也不妙。201205/183624 How Neanderthals Fought Disease穴居人怎样抵抗疾病Every year people are encouraged to get their annual flu shots. Signs are posted at drug stores and clinics. Get your shots here. Modern preventive medicine has saved millions of lives. But you may be surprised to hear that Neanderthals may have helped ancient humans prevent disease. Not with medicine but with immunity genes.每年人们都会被鼓励去打流感疫苗。告示会被贴在诊所和药店里:在这儿打疫苗。现代预防医学挽救了数百万人的生命。但是当你听到穴居人可以帮助过去的人预防疾病时,你可能会感到很吃惊,不是利用药物而是通过免疫基因。Humans have a group of about two hundred genes that keep our immune system running smoothly. These genes allow our bodies to respond to a large number of disease causing agents and adapt to new disease. One of those genes has an allele, HLA C0702, that can be found in many European and Asian people, but not in Africans. Another allele, HLA A11, is found mostly in Asians.人类有一组基因,大约200个,它们让我们的免疫系统正常地运转。这些基因使我们的身体对大量的病源物质做出反应,并且适应新的疾病。这些基因中的一个有 等位基因,HLAC0702,这种基因可以在许多欧洲或者亚洲人身上找到,但无法在非洲人身上找到。另一种等位基因HLA A11则在亚洲人身上最为常见。Both alleles were found in Neanderthal DNA. Scientists studying ancient Neanderthals believe they may know why some modern people have the immunity alleles while others do not. When humans moved out of Africa one hundred thousand years ago, their immune systems were adapted to fight African diseases. Neanderthals on the other hand had aly been living in Europe and Asia for thousands of years. They had been exposed to different diseases, and different alleles had evolved to combat them.这两种等位基因在穴居人的DNA中却都可以找到。研究古穴居人的科学家们相信他们可能知道为什么一些现代人有免疫等位基因,而其他人没有。十万年前,当人 们搬离非洲时,他们的免疫系统就已经适应了同非洲疾病对抗。然而,穴居人在欧洲和亚洲已经生活了数千年。他们被暴露在不同的疾病之下,并且进化出不同的等 位基因同疾病对抗。Scientists aly know that the modern human genome is somewhere between one and four percent Neanderthal in origin. It is not a far leap to speculate that inbreeding may have resulted in shared immunity genes, too. More research is needed to determine if the gene alleles came from a common ancestor, or directly from Neanderthals. In either case, the story of inheriting disease resistance is important in understanding modern man’s survival and migration around the world.科学家们已经知道现代人类基因组在某种程度上1%到4%是起源于穴居人。不难推测,近亲繁殖也许是造成免疫基因共享的原因。但我们还需要更多的研究来确定 是否等位基因来自于人类共同的祖先,还是直接来自于穴居人。在任何一个情况下,遗传抗病性在理解现代人生存和在全世界范围内迁徙都是十分重要的。 /201206/187426乌市沙依巴克区腿部脱毛价格乌鲁木齐市手臂激光脱毛多少钱

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